Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Pleuronectidae > Platichthys > Platichthys flesus

Platichthys flesus (North Atlantic flounder; River flounder; Mud flounder; Fluke; Flounder; European flounder; Butt; Baltic flounder; White fluke)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The European flounder (Platichthys flesus) is a flatfish of European coastal waters from the White Sea in the north to the Mediterranean and the Black Sea in the south. It has been introduced into the United States and Canada accidentally through transport in ballast water. It is caught and used for human consumption.
View Wikipedia Record: Platichthys flesus


Adult Weight [1]  16.976 lbs (7.70 kg)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Lithophils
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Maximum Longevity [1]  15 years
Migration [2]  Diadromous
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Female Maturity [1]  4 years 1 month
Male Maturity [1]  2 years 10 months


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    
Northern British Isles Denmark, Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    

Protected Areas

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap




Institutions (Zoos, etc.)


Aegean Sea; Albania; Algeria; America, North - Inland waters; Arctic Ocean; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Baltic Sea; Beaufort Sea; Belgium; Black Sea; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Canada; Canary Current; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; China; Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; Don; East Siberian Sea; Eastern Atlantic: coastal and brackish waters of western Europe and from the White Sea to the Mediterranean and the Black Sea (Ref. 4705, Ref. 51442). Introduced into the USA and Canada accidentally through transport in ballast water (Ref. 1739). Asia:; Eastern Atlantic: coastal and brackish waters of western Europe and from the White Sea to the Mediterranean and the Black Sea (Ref. 4705, Ref. 51442). Introduced into the USA and Canada accidentally through transport in ballast water (Ref. 1739). Asia: Iran (Ref. 39702).; Egypt; Elbe; England and Wales (UK); Estonia; Europe - Inland waters; Finland; France; Galician Shelf; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Gibraltar; Greece; Iberian Coastal; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Ireland; Isle of Man; Israel; Italy; Kuban River; Laptev Sea; Latvia; Lebanon; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Lithuania; Loire; Malta; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Morocco; Nearctic; Netherlands; North Sea; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Palearctic; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Sea of Marmara; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Syrian Arab Republic; Tagus; Tunisia; Turkey; USA (contiguous states); Ukraine; United Kingdom;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4,, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012).
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Energy flow of a boreal intertidal ecosystem, the Sylt-Rømø Bight, Dan Baird, Harald Asmus, Ragnhild Asmus, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 279: 45–61, 2004
5Trophodynamics in a Shallow Lagoon off Northwestern Europe (Culbin Sands, Moray Firth): Spatial and Temporal Variability of Epibenthic Communities, Their Diets, and Consumption Efficiency, Vanda Mariyam Mendonça, David George Raffaelli, Peter R. Boyle, and Chas Emes, Zoological Studies 48(2): 196-214 (2009)
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License