Animalia > Chordata > Elasmobranchii > Myliobatiformes > Myliobatidae > Mobula > Mobula birostris
 

Mobula birostris (Skeete; Sea devil; Prince Alfreds ray; Pacific manta; Munguna; Mantaray; Manta ray; Manta; Great devil fish; Giant manta; Giant devil ray; Giant Atlantic manta; Eagleray; Devil-ray; Devilfish; Devil ray; Blanketfish; Australian devilray; Atlantic manta; Devil fish)

Synonyms:
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Wikipedia Abstract

The giant oceanic manta ray (Manta birostris) is a species of ray in the family Mobulidae, and the largest type of ray in the world. They are circumglobal and are typically found in tropical and subtropical waters, but can also be found in temperate waters.
View Wikipedia Record: Mobula birostris

Attributes

Maximum Longevity [2]  20 years
Migration [3]  Oceanodromous
Water Biome [1]  Pelagic, Reef, Coastal
Adult Weight [2]  1.819 tons (1,650.00 kg)
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Female Maturity [2]  6 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Pulu Keeling National Park II 6469 Cocos (Keeling) Islands    
Ranong   Thailand      
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  

Prey / Diet

Euphausia pacifica (Pacific krill)[4]
Euphausia superba (Antarctic krill)[4]

Predators

Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Paronatrema mantae[5]

Distribution

Agulhas Current; Angola; Aruba; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Australia; Benguela Current; Bermuda; Brazil; Calamianes Islands; California Current; Canada; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Cape Verde; Caribbean Sea; Cayman Islands; Chagos Islands; China; Christmas Island (Aust.); Circumglobal, tropical to temperate: in the Northern Hemisphere, as far north as southern California and Rhode Island on the United States west and east coasts, Mutsu Bay, Aomori, Japan, the Sinai Peninsula, Egypt and the Azores Islands; in the Southern Hemisphere, as far south as Peru, Uruguay, South Africa and New Zealand. In some locations, including Mozambique, it is sympatric with <i>Manta alfredi</i>.; Circumglobal, tropical to temperate: in the Northern Hemisphere, as far north as southern California and Rhode Island on the United States west and east coasts, Mutsu Bay, Aomori, Japan, the Sinai Peninsula, Egypt and the Azores Islands; in the Southern Hemisphere, as far south as Peru, Uruguay, South Africa and New Zealand. In .some locations, including Mozambique, it is sympatric with <i>Manta alfredi</i>.; Circumtropical. Western Atlantic: Bermuda and South Carolina, USA and Brazil to Uruguay (Ref. 58839), occasionally farther north (Ref. 26938). Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951).; Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Cocos I. Costa Rica; Colombia; Cook Islands; Coral Sea and GBR; Costa Rica; Cuba; Curaçao Island; Djibouti; East Brazil Shelf; East Central Australian Shelf; East China Sea; Ecuador; El Salvador; Fiji Islands; French Guiana; Galapagos Islands; Great Barrier Reef; Guam; Guatemala; Guinea; Guinea Current; Guinea-Bissau; Gulf of Aden; Gulf of Mexico; Guyana; Hawaii (USA); Honduras; Hong Kong; India; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Eastern; Indian Ocean, Western; Indonesia; Indonesian Sea; Insular Pacific-Hawaiian; Jamaica; Japan; Kuroshio Current; Madeira Islands; Maldives; Marquesas Islands; Marshall Islands; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mexico; Micronesia,Fed.States of; Midway Islands; Milne Bay; Mozambique; Nicaragua; North Australian Shelf; North Brazil Shelf; North Marianas; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Ogasawara Islands; Oman; Pacific Central-American Coastal; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northwest; Pacific, Southeast; Pacific, Southwest; Pacific, Western Central; Palau; Panama; Panay Gulf; Papua New Guinea; Peru; Peru-Galapagos Waters; Philippines; Polynesian Waters; Puerto Rico; Revillagigedo; Réunion; Senegal; Seychelles; Sierra Leone; Somalia; South Africa; South Brazil Shelf; South China Sea; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Southwest Australian Shelf; Sulu-Celebes Sea; Suriname; Taiwan; Tonga; Trinidad and Tobago; Tuamoto Islands; Tubbataha Reefs; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Uruguay; Venezuela; Viet Nam; Wake Island; West Central Australian Shelf; Yellow Sea; Yemen;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License