Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Cypriniformes > Cyprinidae > Leuciscus > Leuciscus leuciscus

Leuciscus leuciscus (Dace; Hasel; Graining; Eurasian dace; Common dace)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The common dace (Leuciscus leuciscus), the dace or the Eurasian dace, is a fresh- or brackish-water fish belonging to the family Cyprinidae. It is an inhabitant of the rivers and streams of Europe north of the Alps as well as in Northern Asia. It is abundant in much of its range, and has also spread to Ireland where it is used as a bait fish. It will grow to a maximum length of 40 cm (1 ft 4 in), a maximum weight of 1 kg (2.2 lb), and may live for up to 16 years. In angling, the dace is known to respond to dry flies, particularly in the summer months.
View Wikipedia Record: Leuciscus leuciscus


Adult Weight [1]  1.213 lbs (550 g)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Lithophils
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Maximum Longevity [3]  16 years
Migration [4]  Potamodromous
Diet [2]  Omnivore
Female Maturity [3]  3 years 4 months
Male Maturity [1]  3 years 3 months


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    

Protected Areas

Prey / Diet

Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[5]
Gammarus pulex[5]



Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Ouwehand Zoo
Zoological Society of London


Afghanistan; Armenia; Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Austria; Azerbaijan; Baltic Sea; Belarus; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; Dneper; Don; Elbe; Estonia; Europe - Inland waters; Europe and Asia: North, Baltic, White and Barents Sea basins; Caspian basin, in Volga and Ural drainages; Black Sea basin, from Danube to Dniepr drainages; Atlantic basin, in Seine drainage; Mediterranean basin from Rhône to Arch drainages (France). Only very localized in Danube main river in Romania, in Scandinavia north of 69°N and most of cenral Finland. Populations from Siberia and East Asia usually referred to <i>Leuciscus leuciscus</i> are distinct species, <i>Leuciscus baicalensis</i> and <i>Leuciscus dzungaricus</i> (Ref. 59043). Has become widespread in Europe and gained access to Ireland as a bait fish. At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction (Ref. 1739).; Europe and Asia: has become widespread in Europe and gained access to Ireland as a bait fish (Ref. 1739). At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction.; Finland; France; Georgia; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Hungary; Ireland; Kazakhstan; Kolyma; Lake Baikal; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova, Republic of; Netherlands; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Ob-Irtysh; Onega River; Palearctic; Poland; Romania; Russian Federation; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovakia; Slovenia; Sweden; Switzerland; Ukraine; United Kingdom; Ural; Volga;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4,, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012).
3Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License