Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Cichlidae > Pterophyllum > Pterophyllum scalare

Pterophyllum scalare (Veil angelfish; Longfin angelfish; Freshwater angelfish; Black angelfish; Angelfish)

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Wikipedia Abstract

Pterophyllum scalare, most commonly referred to as angelfish or freshwater angelfish, is the most common species of Pterophyllum kept in captivity. It is native to the Amazon Basin in Peru, Colombia, and Brazil. Particularly to the Ucayali river in Peru, the Oyapock River in French Guiana, the Essequibo River in Guyana, the Solimões, the Amapá, and the Amazon rivers in Brazil. It is found in swamps or flooded grounds where vegetation is dense and the water is either clear or silty. Its native water conditions range from a pH of 6.0 to 7.0, a water hardness range of 3 to 10 °dH, and water temperature ranging from 26 to 30 °C (75 to 86 °F). This is the species of angelfish most frequently found in the aquarium trade. A similar (cross-breeding possible) P. scalare exists in the Orinoco. They
View Wikipedia Record: Pterophyllum scalare

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
North Bull Island Nature Reserve IV 3544 Ireland  


Parasitized by 
Clinostomum complanatum[1]
Gussevia spiralocirra[1]
Proteocephalus gibsoni <Unverified Name>[1]
Sciadicleithrum iphthimum[1]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)


Amazon; America, South - Inland waters; Brazil; Canada; Colombia; French Guiana; Guyana; Neotropical; Peru; South America: Amazon River basin, in Peru, Colombia, and Brazil, along the Ucayali, Solimões and Amazon rivers; rivers of Amapá (Brazil), Rio Oyapock in French Guiana; Essequibo River in Guyana.; Suriname;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License