Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Cichlidae > Mayaheros > Mayaheros urophthalmus

Mayaheros urophthalmus (Orange tiger; Mexican mojarra; Mayan cichlid; False red terror)

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Wikipedia Abstract

Mayaheros urophthalmus, also known as the Mayan cichlid is a species of cichlid found in Middle America. It is native to the Atlantic slope of tropical Mesoamerica, ranging from eastern Mexico southward to Nicaragua. It was first recorded from Everglades National Park, Florida in 1983 and is now a common nonindigenous fish in southern Florida. It has a base color of brown to red that becomes more intense during breeding. As in many animals, the red color is much more brilliant in wild specimens than captive ones, but one can help maintain some of its vibrance by feeding the fish live foods and foods that contain Vitamin A, which breaks down into the red pigment beta-carotene in the body. Previously, this species was a member of the genus Cichlasoma and the subgeneric section Nandopsis. How
View Wikipedia Record: Mayaheros urophthalmus

Invasive Species

The Mayan cichlid (Cichlasoma urophthalmus) is a medium sized cichlid native to Central America. It has invaded regions of Florida including the Everglades National Park and has more recently been reported from Thailand and Singapore. It is a generalist predator, and tolerates a wide range of salinities, temperatures and habitat types; factors which have contributed to its range expansion throughout the Florida peninsula. It can reach high densities and may compete with and predate upon native fish, possibly reducing biodiversity and ecosystem function.
View ISSG Record: Mayaheros urophthalmus


Adult Length [1]  12 inches (30 cm)
Brood Dispersal [1]  In a nest
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Speleophils (cavity generalist)
Brood Guarder [1]  Yes
Litter Size [1]  6,323
Maximum Longevity [1]  7 years
Diet [2]  Omnivore, Detritivore
Female Maturity [1]  1 year


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Florida Peninsula United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    
Upper Usumacinta Guatemala, Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Upland Rivers    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Maya Multiple Use Area 1156412 Guatemala  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserva Especial de la Biosfera Ría Celestún Biosphere Reserve VI 202424 Mexico  
Ria Lagartos Biosphere Reserve VI 149920 Mexico    
Shipstern Nature Reserve IV 20453 Belize

Prey / Diet

Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[3]


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Miami Metrozoo
Papiliorama Swiss Tropical Gardens


America, North - Inland waters; Asia - Inland waters; Belize; Central America: Atlantic drainages from Mexico to Nicaragua.; Chao Phraya River; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico; Neotropical; Nicaragua; Singapore; Thailand; USA (contiguous states);

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License