Animalia > Chordata > Elasmobranchii > Rhinopristiformes > Rhinobatidae > Rhinobatos > Rhinobatos rhinobatos

Rhinobatos rhinobatos (Mediterranean longnose; Lengthened shape; Guitarfish; Common violinfish; Common mediterranean guitarfish; Common guitarfish)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The common guitarfish (Rhinobatos rhinobatos) is a species of cartilaginous fish in the family Rhinobatidae. It is native to the eastern Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. It is a bottom-dwelling fish feeding on crustaceans, other invertebrates and fish. The females give birth to live young. Its lifestyle makes it vulnerable to trawling and other fishing methods, populations seem to be declining and it has disappeared from parts of its range. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed its conservation status as being "endangered".
View Wikipedia Record: Rhinobatos rhinobatos

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Rhinobatos rhinobatos

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Parasitized by 
Calicotyle vicina[5]
Echinobothrium euterpes[5]
Neoheterocotyle ktarii[5]
Paranisakis squatinae <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Acquario di Genova
Terra Natura S.A.


Aegean Sea; Albania; Algeria; Angola; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Benin; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Cameroon; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Cape Verde; Congo, Dem. Rep. of the; Congo, Republic of; Croatia; Cyprus; Côte d'Ivoire; Eastern Atlantic: southern Bay of Biscay to Angola, including Mediterranean Sea.; Egypt; Equatorial Guinea; France; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Gibraltar; Greece; Guinea; Guinea Current; Guinea-Bissau; Iberian Coastal; Israel; Italy; Lebanon; Liberia; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Malta; Mauritania; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Monaco; Morocco; Nigeria; Sao Tomé and Principe; Sea of Marmara; Senegal; Serbia and Montenegro; Sierra Leone; Slovenia; Spain; Syrian Arab Republic; Togo; Tunisia; Turkey; Western Sahara;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1DIET OF COMMON GUITARFISH (RHINOBATOS RHINOBATOS L., 1758) IN THE ISKENDERUN BAY (NORTHEASTERN MEDITERRANEAN), Nuri Basusta, Sefa Ayhan Demirhan, Murat Karalar and Mustafa Cekic, Rapp. Comm. int. Mer Médit., 38, 2007, p. 426
2Food composition and distribution of elasmobranches on the shelf and upper slope of the Eastern Central Atlantic., Patokina F.A., Litvinov F.F., ICES CM 2005/N:26
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4"Diet of two selachians common to the Gulf of Gabes (Tunisia): Rhinobatos rhinobatos (Linnè, 1758) and Rhinobatos cemiculus (Geoffroy Sainte-Hilarie, 1817)", Capapé C, Zaouali J., Arch Inst Pasteur Tunis. 1979 Sep; 56(3):285-306.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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