Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Scorpaeniformes > Scorpaenidae > Pterois > Pterois volitans

Pterois volitans (firefish; Zebrafish; Turkeyfish; Turkey fish; Scorpion-cod; Scorpion volitans; Red lionfish; Red firefish; Peacock lionfish; Ornate butterfly-cod; Lionfish; Lion fish; Fire fish; Featherfins; Common lionfish; Butterfly cod; Scorpionfish)

Synonyms: Gasterosteus volitans
Language: Arabic; Carolinian; Creole, French; Danish; Fijian; French; Fw; Fwâi; Japanese; Jawe; Korean; Mahl; Malay; Malayalam; Maldivian; Mandarin Chinese; Marshallese; Polish; Russian; Samoan; Swahili; Swedish; Tagalog; Tahitian; Tokelauan; Tuamotuan; Vietnamese

Wikipedia Abstract

The red lionfish (Pterois volitans) is a venomous coral reef fish in the family Scorpaenidae, order Scorpaeniformes. P. volitans is natively found in the Indo-Pacific region, but has become an invasive problem in the Caribbean Sea, as well as along the East Coast of the United States. This and a similar species, Pterois miles, have both been deemed as invasive species. Red lionfish are clad in white stripes alternated with red/maroon/brown stripes. Adults in this species can grow as large as 47 cm (18.5 in) in length, making it one of the largest species of lionfish in the ocean, while juveniles are typically shorter than 1 inch (2.5 cm). The average red lionfish lives around 10 years. As with many species within the Scopaenidae family, it has large, venomous spines that protrude from the
View Wikipedia Record: Pterois volitans

Invasive Species

The Indo-Pacific red lionfish (Pterois volitans) is a beautiful but dangerous tropical fish that has spread to new marine environments through the aquarium trade. The lionfish has invaded the Northwestern Atlantic and the Caribbean in one of the most rapid marine finfish invasions in history. In some areas, it has the potential to displace commercially important species such as the grouper and reduce recruitment of juvenile fishes, which in turn disrupts marine ecosystem processes.
View ISSG Record: Pterois volitans


Maximum Longevity [2]  10 years
Venomous [3]  Yes
Water Biome [1]  Reef, Coastal

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Christmas Island National Park II 21698 Christmas Island, Australia
Pulu Keeling National Park II 6469 Cocos (Keeling) Islands    
Ranong   Thailand      
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  

Prey / Diet


Parasitized by 
Benedenia epinepheli[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)


Pacific Ocean: Cocos-Keeling Islands and Western Australia (Ref. 27362) in the eastern Indian Ocean to the Marquesas and Oeno (Pitcairn group), north to southern Japan and southern Korea, south to Lord Howe Island, northern New Zealand, and the Austral Islands. Replaced by the very similar <i>Pterois miles</i> from the Red Sea to Sumatra. ;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3Living Hazards Database, Armed Forces Pest Management Board, U.S. Army Garrison - Forest Glen
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License