Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Acanthuridae > Paracanthurus > Paracanthurus hepatus

Paracanthurus hepatus (common surgeon; doctorfish; Wedge-tailed tang; Wedgetail blue tang; Regal blue surgeonfish; Palette surgeonfish; Palette surgeon; Indo-pacific bluetang; Hepatus tang; Flagtail surgeonfish; Blue tang; Blue surgeonfish; Surgeonfish)

Synonyms: Acanthurus hepatus; Acanthurus theuthis; Paracanthurus theuthis; Teuthis hepatus
Language: Afrikaans; Carolinian; Creole, French; Danish; Fijian; French; Gela; Japanese; Mahl; Malay; Malayalam; Mandarin Chinese; Misima-Paneati; Portuguese; Swedish

Wikipedia Abstract

Paracanthurus hepatus is a species of Indo-Pacific surgeonfish. A popular fish in marine aquaria, it is the only member of the genus Paracanthurus. A number of common names are attributed to the species, including regal tang (pronounced ting), palette surgeonfish, blue tang (leading to confusion with the Atlantic species Acanthurus coeruleus), royal blue tang, hippo tang, flagtail surgeonfish, Pacific regal blue tang, and blue surgeonfish.
View Wikipedia Record: Paracanthurus hepatus

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Christmas Island National Park II 21698 Christmas Island, Australia
Pulu Keeling National Park II 6469 Cocos (Keeling) Islands    
Ranong   Thailand      
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      


Laticauda schistorhynchus (Flat-tail Sea Snake)[1]


Parasitized by 
Hapladena invaginata[2]
Neobenedenia melleni[2]
Schikhobalotrema obtusum[2]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)


Agulhas Current; American Samoa; Australia; Caroline Island; Chagos Islands; China; Christmas Island (Aust.); Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Comoros; Cook Islands; Coral Sea and GBR; Great Barrier Reef; Guam; Hong Kong; India; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Eastern; Indian Ocean, Western; Indo-Pacific: East Africa, including the Mascarene Islands (Ref. 37792) to Kiribati, north to southern Japan, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef, New Caledonia, and Samoa. ; Indonesia; Indonesian Sea; Japan; Kimbe Bay; Kiribati; Kuroshio Current; Lingayen Gulf; Lord Howe Island; Madagascar; Malaysia; Maldives; Marshall Islands; Mauritius; Micronesia,Fed.States of; Milne Bay; Mozambique; New Caledonia; Norfolk Island; North Australian Shelf; North Marianas; Northeast Australian Shelf; Northwest Australian Shelf; Ogasawara Islands; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northwest; Pacific, Southwest; Pacific, Western Central; Palau; Panay Gulf; Panguil Bay; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Ryukyu Islands; Réunion; Samoa; Seychelles; Sogod Bay; South Africa; South China Sea; Sri Lanka; Sulu-Celebes Sea; Taiwan; Tanzania, United Rep. of; Tonga; Vanuatu; Viet Nam; Wake Island; Yellow Sea;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
2Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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