Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Gobiidae > Neogobius > Neogobius melanostomus

Neogobius melanostomus (Round goby; Ginger goby; Caspian round goby; Black spotted goby)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The round goby (Neogobius melanostomus) is a euryhaline bottom-dwelling goby of the family Gobiidae, native to central Eurasia including the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. Round gobies have established large non-native populations in the Baltic Sea, several major Eurasian rivers, and the North American Great Lakes.
View Wikipedia Record: Neogobius melanostomus

Invasive Species

Neogobius melanostomus is a bottom dweller found in rivers and near the shore of lakes, preferring rocky habitats with many places to hide. It preys on small fish, such as darters and the eggs of lake trout, and many other fish. Adult Neogobius melanostomus aggressively defend spawning sites and will occupy prime spawning areas, preventing native species from utilising these sites. This fish may out-compete native fish for food resources, due to its ability to feed in darkness. Neogobius melanostomus often eats bivalves that filter water and becomes a vector of bioaccumulation, with contaminants becoming passed on to the larger game fish or humans that eat them. There is little information on successful management options for this species.
View ISSG Record: Neogobius melanostomus


Adult Length [2]  10 inches (25 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In a nest
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Speleophils (cavity generalist)
Brood Guarder [2]  Yes
Litter Size [2]  1,000
Maximum Longevity [2]  4 years
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams, Brackish Water
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Female Maturity [2]  2 years
Male Maturity [3]  3 years 6 months


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Laurentian Great Lakes Canada, United States Nearctic Large Lakes    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    
St. Lawrence Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Upper Mississippi United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Burgasko ezero 7641 Bulgaria  
Karadagskiy Zapovednik Nature Zapovednik 13876 Ukraine  
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Zaliv Chengene skele 472 Bulgaria  


Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap



Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Detroit Zoological Society
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Toledo Zoological Gardens

Range Map


America, North - Inland waters; Aral Sea; Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Austria; Azerbaijan; Baltic Sea; Black Sea; Bulgaria; Canada; Caspian Sea; Danube; Don; Estonia; Europe - Inland waters; Europe: Sea of Azov, Black Sea and Caspian basins. Adverse ecological impact after introduction have been reported by several countries.; Europe: Sea of Azov, Black Sea and Caspian basins. Adverse ecological impact after introduction have been reported by several countries. In 2004, this was accidentally introduced in North America with ballast water in ships (Ref. 59043).; Georgia; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Great Lakes; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Kazakhstan; Kuban River; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Nearctic; Netherlands; Palearctic; Poland; Romania; Russian Federation; Sea of Marmara; Serbia and Montenegro; Turkey; Turkmenistan; USA (contiguous states); Ukraine; Uzbekistan; Volga;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Diet composition of two gobiid species in the Khadzhibey Estuary (North-Western Black Sea, Ukraine), Sergiy Kudrenko, Yuriy Kvach, ACTA UNIVERSITATIS NICOLAI COPERNICI PRACE LIMNOLOGICZNE NR 24 – LIMNOLOGICAL PAPERS N° 24 NAUKI MATEMATYCZNO-PRZYRODNICZE – ZASZYT 112 – TORUŃ 2005
6FEEDING ECOLOGY OF SOME BENTHIC FISH SPECIES FROM THE ROMANIAN BLACK SEA COAST (AGIGEA-EFORIE NORD AREA), Irina ROȘCA and Victor SURUGIU, Analele Științifice ale Universității „Al. I. Cuza” Iași, s. Biologie animală, Tom LVI, 2010
7Food Habits of Four Bottom-Dwelling Gobiid Species at the Confluence of the Danube and Hron Rivers (South Slovakia), Zdeněk Adámek, Jaroslav Andreji, José Martín Gallardo, International Review of Hydrobiology, Volume 92, Issue 4-5, pages 554–563, August 2007
8NOAA, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory
9THE DIET OF HARBOUR PORPOISE (PHOCOENA PHOCOENA) IN THE NORTHEAST ATLANTIC, M. B. SANTOS & G. J. PIERCE, Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review 2003, 41, 355–390
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License