Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Channichthyidae > Champsocephalus > Champsocephalus gunnari
 

Champsocephalus gunnari (Mackerel icefish; Icefish)

Synonyms: Champsocephalus gunnaru
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Wikipedia Abstract

The mackerel icefish, Champsocephalus gunnari, is a fish found only in the Southern Ocean. They are mainly to be found near Heard and McDonald Islands, Îles Kerguelen and islands in the south Atlantic such as South Georgia. Due to overfishing, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) considers the species "depleted" It can turn invisible, because of the white blood that contains anti freeze. It's normal size is 22-25 ft long. Only 1 ft when it is born.
View Wikipedia Record: Champsocephalus gunnari

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Consumers

Distribution

Antarctic; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Antarctic; Bouvet Island; French Southern Tr.; Heard and McDonald Is.; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Antarctic; Kerguelen Islands; Scotia Sea; South Orkney Islands; South Shetland Islands; Southern Ocean: Islands of the Scotia Sea, including the northern part of Antarctic Peninsula; Kerguelen, Heard and Bouvet islands; in the South Atlantic, near the South Georgia. Also in near the South Orkneys and South Shetland islands.;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
2Variations in the diet composition and feeding intensity of mackerel icefish Champsocephalus gunnari at South Georgia (Antarctic), K.-H. Kock, S. Wilhelms, I. Everson, J. Gröger, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 108: 43-57, 1994
3Towards the trophic structure of the Bouvet Island marine ecosystem, U. Jacob, T. Brey, I. Fetzer, S. Kaehler, K. Mintenbeck, K. Dunton, K. Beyer, U. Struck , E.A. Pakhomov and W.E. Arntz, Polar Biology, 29 (2). pp. 106-113 (2006)
4Distribution and ecology of Chaenocephalus aceratus (Channichthyidae) around South Georgia and Shag Rocks (Southern Ocean), William D K Reid, Sarah Clarke, Martin A Collins, Mark Belchier, Polar Biology, 30 (12). 1523-1533 (2007)
5Studying Seabird Diet through Genetic Analysis of Faeces: A Case Study on Macaroni Penguins (Eudyptes chrysolophus), Bruce E. Deagle, Nick J. Gales, Karen Evans, Simon N. Jarman, Sarah Robinson, Rowan Trebilco, Mark A. Hindell, PLoS ONE 2(9): e831
6Spatial and temporal variation in the diet of the gentoo penguin (Pygoscelis papua) at Kerguelen Islands, Amélie Lescroël, Vincent Ridoux and Charles André Bost, Polar Biol (2004) 27: 206–216
7Food and feeding ecology of the neritic-slope forager black-browed albatross and its relationships with commercial fisheries in Kerguelen waters, Yves Cherel, Henri Weimerskirch, Colette Trouve, MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES, Vol. 207: 183–199, 2000
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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