Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Mugiliformes > Mugilidae > Mugil > Mugil cephalus

Mugil cephalus (gray mullet; Striped mullet; Springer; Sea mullet; Sand mullet; River mullet; Poddy mullet; Poddies; Mullet; Mangrove mullet; Hardgut river mullet; Hardgut mullet; Haarder; Grey mullet; Flathead mullet; Flathead grey mullet; Flathead greymullet; Common mullet; Common grey mullet; Callifaver mullet; Bully mullet; Bully; Bright mullet; Black true mullet; Black mullet; Longaram mullet)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The flathead grey mullet (Mugil cephalus) is an important food fish species in the mullet family Mugilidae. It is found in coastal tropical and subtropical waters worldwide. Its length is typically 30 to 75 centimetres (12 to 30 in). It is known with numerous English names, including the flathead mullet, striped mullet (US, American Fisheries Society name), black mullet, bully mullet, common mullet, grey mullet, sea mullet and mullet, among others.
View Wikipedia Record: Mugil cephalus


Brood Dispersal [3]  In the open
Brood Guarder [3]  No
Maximum Longevity [4]  16 years
Migration [1]  Catadromous
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Water Biome [1]  Benthic, Rivers and Streams, Coastal, Brackish Water
Adult Weight [2]  9.70 lbs (4.40 kg)
Diet [1]  Planktivore, Detritivore
Female Maturity [4]  2 years
Male Maturity [2]  2 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Aegean Drainages Greece Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Honshu - Shikoku - Kyushu Japan Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Italian Peninsula & Islands France, Italy, Malta, Monaco Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    

Protected Areas


Prey / Diet



Institutions (Zoos, etc.)


Aegean Sea; Africa-Inland Waters; Agulhas Current; Albania; Algeria; America, North - Inland waters; America, South - Inland waters; Amur; Angola; Antigua and Barbuda; Arabian Sea; Asia - Inland waters; Athi-Galana-Sabaki River Drainage System; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Atulayan Bay; Australia; Australian; Bangladesh; Barbados; Bay of Bengal; Benguela Current; Black Sea; Brazil; Bulgaria; California Current; Cameroon; Canada; Canary Current; Cantabrian Sea; Cape Verde; Caribbean Sea; Caspian Sea; Chagos Islands; Chiku River; Chile; Chilka Lake; China; Christmas Island (Aust.); Colombia; Comoros; Cook Islands; Coral Sea and GBR; Cosmopolitan in coastal waters of the tropical, subtropical and temperate zones of all seas. Eastern Pacific: California, USA to Chile (Ref. 2850). Western Pacific: Japan to Australia (Ref. 9812). Western Indian Ocean: from India to South Africa (Re; Cosmopolitan in coastal waters of the tropical, subtropical and temperate zones of all seas. Eastern Pacific: California, USA to Chile (Ref. 2850). Western Pacific: Japan to Australia (Ref. 9812). Western Indian Ocean: from India to South Africa (Ref. 4393). Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia, Canada to Brazil (Ref. 7251); Cape Cod to southern Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 26938); absent in the Bahamas and most of West Indies and Caribbean (Ref. 7251, 9761). Eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to South Africa, including the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea (Ref. 7399). Reported in Sea of Okhotsk (Ref. 50550).; Costa Rica; Cuba; Cyprus; Côte d'Ivoire; Dominica; Dominican Republic; East Brazil Shelf; East Central Australian Shelf; East China Sea; Ecuador; Egypt; El Salvador; Erhjen River; Ethiopian; Europe - Inland waters; Fiji Islands; France; French Guiana; French Polynesia; Gabon; Galapagos Islands; Galician Shelf; Gambia; Georgia; Ghana; Godavari; Greece; Grenada; Guatemala; Guinea; Guinea Current; Guinea-Bissau; Gulf of Mexico; Guyana; Haiti; Han; Hawaii (USA); Honduras; Hong Kong; Humboldt Current; Iberian Coastal; India; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Eastern; Indian Ocean, Western; Indonesia; Indonesian Sea; Insular Pacific-Hawaiian; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Israel; Italy; Jamaica; Japan; Juan Fernández Islands; Kaoping River; Kazakhstan; Kenya; Kimbe Bay; Korea, Republic of; Kuban River; Kunene River; Kuroshio Current; Lagonoy Gulf; Laguna de Términos; Laguna del Mar Muerto; Lebanon; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Lingayen Gulf; Lord Howe Island; Madagascar; Madeira Islands; Malaysia; Malta; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mayotte; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Mexico; Milne Bay; Mississippi; Morocco; Mozambique; Myanmar; Namibia; Nearctic; Neotropical; New Caledonia; New Zealand; New Zealand Shelf; Nicaragua; Norfolk Island; North Australian Shelf; North Brazil Shelf; North Marianas; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Oceania - Inland waters; Ogasawara Islands; Orange; Oriental; Ormoc Bay; Pacific Central-American Coastal; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northwest; Pacific, Southeast; Pacific, Southwest; Pacific, Western Central; Pakistan; Palearctic; Panama; Panguil Bay; Papua New Guinea; Peng-hu Island; Persian Gulf; Peru; Peru-Galapagos Waters; Philippines; Polynesian Waters; Portugal; Puerto Rico; Red Sea; Rodriguez; Romania; Ruerhmen River; Russian Federation; Réunion; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; Sakhalin Island; San Miguel Bay; San Pedro Bay; Sanaga; Sao Tomé and Principe; Saudi Arabia; Scotian Shelf; Sea of Azov; Sea of Marmara; Senegal; Serbia and Montenegro; Seychelles; Shihtsao River; Shiliao River; Sierra Leone; Slovenia; Sogod Bay; Somali Coastal Current; Somalia; Sorsogon Bay; South Africa; South Brazil Shelf; South China Sea; Southwest Australian Shelf; Southwest Chilean Waters; Spain; Sulu-Celebes Sea; Sumjin; Suriname; Syrian Arab Republic; Tagus; Tahiti; Taiwan; Tanshui River; Tanzania, United Rep. of; Tasman Sea; Tayabas Bay; Thailand; Tigris; Tonga; Trinidad and Tobago; Tsengwen River; Tunisia; Turkey; USA (contiguous states); Ukraine; United Kingdom; Vanuatu; Viet Nam; West Central Australian Shelf; Yellow Sea; Youngsan; Ébrié Lagoon;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
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3Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4,, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012).
4Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
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6Production sources and food web structure of a temperate tidal estuary: integration of dietary and stable isotope data, Kirk O. Winemiller, Senol Akin, Steven C. Zeug, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 343: 63–76, 2007
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12Diving behavior of blue-footed boobies Sula nebouxii in northern Peru in relation to sex, body size and prey type, Carlos B. Zavalaga, Silvano Benvenuti, Luigi Dall’Antonia, Steven D. Emslie, MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES 336: 291–303, 2007
13Stomach content analysis of Terapon jarbua (Forsskal) from Parangipettai coast, South East Coast of India, Manoharan J, Gopalakrishnan A, Varadharajan D, Thilagavathi B and Priyadharsini S, Adv. Appl. Sci. Res., 2012, 3(5):2605-2621
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Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License