Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Percidae > Perca > Perca fluviatilis

Perca fluviatilis (River perch; Redfin perch; Redfin; Reddie; Perch; European perch; Eurasian perch; English perch)

Language: Albanian; Bulgarian; Czech; Danish; Dutch; Estonian; Finnish; French; Gaelic, Irish; German; Greek; Hungarian; Icelandic; Italian; Kirghiz; Latvian; Lithuanian; Macedonian; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Persian; Polish; Portuguese; Prussian, Old; Romanian; Russian; Serbian; Slovak; Spanish; Swedish; Turkish; Ukrainian

Wikipedia Abstract

Perca fluviatilis, commonly known as the European perch, perch, redfin perch, English perch, Eurasian perch, Eurasian river perch or common perch, is a predatory species of perch found in Europe and northern Asia. The species is a popular quarry for anglers, and has been widely introduced beyond its native area, into Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa. They have caused substantial damage to native fish populations in Australia and have been proclaimed a noxious species in New South Wales.
View Wikipedia Record: Perca fluviatilis

Invasive Species

Perca fluviatilis (perch) are a widespread species of predatory freshwater fish that are prized for angling. Their natural range is throughout much of Europe, but they have been introduced to a number of countries around the world as a sport fish. The effect of Perca fluviatilis on native aquatic fauna has lead to it being designated as invasive in many locations.
View ISSG Record: Perca fluviatilis


Adult Weight [1]  5.76 lbs (2.612 kg)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Phyto-lithophils
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Maximum Longevity [1]  22 years
Migration [2]  Diadromous
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Vertebrates)
Female Maturity [1]  3 years 9 months
Male Maturity [1]  2 years 3 months


Protected Areas

Emblem of


Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap



Institutions (Zoos, etc.)


Afghanistan; Africa-Inland Waters; Albania; Amudar'ya; Amur; Armenia; Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Australia; Australian; Austria; Azerbaijan; Azores Islands; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bosten Lake; Bulgaria; Caspian Sea; China; Croatia; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Don; Elbe; Erqishi River; Estonia; Ethiopian; Eurasia: throughtout Europe to northernmost extremity of Scandinavia, except Iberian Peninsula, central Italy, and Adriatic basin; Aegean Sea basin in Matriza and from Struma to Aliakmon drainages; Aral Sea basin; Siberia in rivers draining the Arctic Ocean eastward to Kolyma. Widely introduced. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.; Europe - Inland waters; Finland; France; Georgia; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Greece; Hungary; Iberian Coastal; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Ireland; Italy; Kazakhstan; Kolyma; Kuban River; Lake Baikal; Latvia; Liechtenstein; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Moldova, Republic of; Mongolia; Morocco; Murray-Darling; Netherlands; New Zealand; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Oceania - Inland waters; Onega River; Palearctic; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovakia; Slovenia; South Africa; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Tarim; Throughout Europe and Siberia to Kolyma River, but not in Spain or Italy; widely introduced. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction. Reported from Greece (Ref. 42629).; Turkey; Ukraine; United Kingdom; Uzbekistan; Volga; Yili River;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4,, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012).
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Lappalainen, A., M. Rask, H. Koponen & S. Vesala, 2001. Relative abundance, diet and growth of perch (Perca fluviatilis) and roach (Rutilus rutilus) at Tvärminne, northern Baltic Sea, in 1975 and 1997: responses to eutrophication? Boreal Env. Res. 6: 107–118
5The role of small fish species in eelgrass food webs of the Baltic Sea, Dissertation zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Ivo Christian Bobsien, 2006
6Biology and Diet of the White-bellied Sea-Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster Breeding in Northern Inland New South Wales, S.J.S. DEBUS, AUSTRALIAN FIELD ORNITHOLOGY 2008, 25, 165–193
7del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
8"Breeding Behaviour and Ecology of the Australian Pelican, Pelecanus conspicillatus, in New South Wales.", WJM Vestjens, Australian Wildlife Research 4(1) 37 - 58 (1977)
9Diet of the Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis) at the Juodkrantė colony, lithuania, Žilvinas PŪtyS, Jūratė Zarankaite, Acta Zoologica Lituanica, 2010, Volumen 20, Numerus 3, p. 179-189
10The diet of the Saimaa ringed seal Phoca hispida saimensis, Mervi KUNNASRANTA, Heikki HYVÄRINEN, Tero SIPILÄ and Jouni T. KOSKELA, Acta Theriologica 44 (4): 443^450, 1999.
11Dietary importance of various prey fishes for pikeperch Sander lucioperca (L.) in large shallow lake Võrtsjärv (Estonia), Peeter Kangur, Andu Kangur, and Külli Kangur, Proc. Estonian Acad. Sci. Biol. Ecol., 2007, 56, 2, 154-167
12Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
13Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License