Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Xiphiidae > Xiphias > Xiphias gladius

Xiphias gladius (Swordfish; Sword fish; Broad-bill sword-fish; Broadbill swordfish; Broadbill; Marlín; Sword-fish)

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Wikipedia Abstract

Swordfish (Xiphias gladius; from Greek ξίφος: sword, and Latin gladius: sword), also known as broadbills in some countries, are large, highly migratory, predatory fish characterized by a long, flat bill. They are a popular sport fish of the billfish category, though elusive. Swordfish are elongated, round-bodied, and lose all teeth and scales by adulthood. These fish are found widely in tropical and temperate parts of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans, and can typically be found from near the surface to a depth of 550 m (1,800 ft). They commonly reach 3 m (9.8 ft) in length, and the maximum reported is 4.55 m (14.9 ft) in length and 650 kg (1,430 lb) in weight.
View Wikipedia Record: Xiphias gladius


Migration [1]  Oceanodromous
Speed [2]  60.263 MPH (26.94 m/s)

Protected Areas

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

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Aegean Sea; Agulhas Current; Albania; Algeria; American Samoa; Angola; Arabian Sea; Argentina; Aruba; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Indian and Pacific: tropical and temperate and sometimes cold waters, including the Mediterranean Sea, the Sea of Marmara, the Black Sea, and the Sea of Azov. Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref.; Atlantic, Indian and Pacific: tropical and temperate and sometimes cold waters, including the Mediterranean Sea, the Sea of Marmara, the Black Sea, and the Sea of Azov. Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref. 26139). Mt DNA restriction analysis reveal that genetic differentiation occurs between populations inhabiting the Mediterranean Sea and the tropical Atlantic ocean, indicating little genetic exchange occurring between the two (Ref. 12784).; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Atulayan Bay; Australia; Baltic Sea; Bangladesh; Bay of Bengal; Belize; Benguela Current; Benin; Black Sea; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Brazil; Bulgaria; California Current; Cameroon; Canada; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Cape Verde; Caribbean Sea; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Chagos Islands; Chile; China; Colombia; Comoros; Congo, Dem. Rep. of the; Congo, Republic of; Cook Islands; Coral Sea and GBR; Costa Rica; Croatia; Cuba; Curaçao Island; Cyprus; Côte d'Ivoire; Davao Gulf; Denmark; Djibouti; East Brazil Shelf; East Central Australian Shelf; East China Sea; Ecuador; Egypt; El Salvador; Eritrea; Estonia; Fiji Islands; France; French Guiana; French Polynesia; Gabon; Galapagos Islands; Gambia; Georgia; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Ghana; Great Barrier Reef; Greece; Grenada; Guam; Guatemala; Guinea; Guinea Current; Guinea-Bissau; Gulf of Aden; Gulf of California; Gulf of Mexico; Gulf of Oman; Guyana; Hawaii (USA); Honduras; Humboldt Current; Iberian Coastal; Iceland; India; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Eastern; Indian Ocean, Western; Indonesia; Indonesian Sea; Insular Pacific-Hawaiian; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Ireland; Israel; Italy; Jamaica; Japan; Juan Fernández Islands; Kenya; Kiribati; Korea, Republic of; Kuroshio Current; Lagonoy Gulf; Latvia; Lebanon; Liberia; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Lingayen Gulf; Lithuania; Madagascar; Maldives; Malta; Marquesas Islands; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Mexico; Micronesia,Fed.States of; Milne Bay; Monaco; Morocco; Mozambique; Myanmar; Namibia; Netherlands; New Caledonia; New Zealand; New Zealand Shelf; Nicaragua; Nigeria; Niue; North Australian Shelf; North Brazil Shelf; North Sea; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Oman; Pacific Central-American Coastal; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; Pacific, Northwest; Pacific, Southeast; Pacific, Southwest; Pacific, Western Central; Pakistan; Panama; Panguil Bay; Papua New Guinea; Patagonian Shelf; Peng-hu Island; Peru; Peru-Galapagos Waters; Philippines; Poland; Polynesian Waters; Portugal; Puerto Rico; Ragay Gulf; Red Sea; Romania; Russian Federation; Ryukyu Islands; Réunion; Saint Helena; Samoa; Scotian Shelf; Sea of Japan; Sea of Marmara; Senegal; Serbia and Montenegro; Seychelles; Sierra Leone; Slovenia; Solomon Islands; Somali Coastal Current; Somalia; South Africa; South Brazil Shelf; South China Sea; Southeast Australian Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Southwest Chilean Waters; Spain; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Sulu-Celebes Sea; Suriname; Sweden; Syrian Arab Republic; Tahiti; Taiwan; Tanzania, United Rep. of; Tasman Sea; Thailand; Togo; Tokelau; Tonga; Trinidad and Tobago; Tunisia; Turkey; Tuvalu; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Ukraine; United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom; Uruguay; Vanuatu; Venezuela; Viet Nam; Yellow Sea; Yemen;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
2Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
3Feeding ecology and niche segregation in oceanic top predators off eastern Australia, Jock W. Young, Matt J. Lansdell, Robert A. Campbell, Scott P. Cooper, Francis Juanes, Michaela A. Guest, Mar Biol (2010) 157:2347–2368
4CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Forage fauna in the diet of three large pelagic fishes (lancetfish, swordfish and yellowfin tuna) in the western equatorial Indian Ocean, Michel Potier, Francis Marsac, Yves Cherel, Vincent Lucas, Richard Sabatié, Olivier Maury and Frédéric Ménard, Fisheries Research 83 (2007) 60–72
7Feeding habits and trophic levels of Mediterranean fish, Konstantinos I. Stergiou & Vasiliki S. Karpouzi, Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 11: 217–254, 2002
8Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000)
9Ecology of the Arrow Squid (Nototodarus gouldi) in Southeastern Australian Waters - A Multi-Scale Investigation of Spatial and Temporal Variability, Kathryn Emily Stark, Submitted for Doctor of Philosophy, University of Tasmania, 2008
10BLUNTNOSE SIXGILL SHARK, HEXANCHUS GRISEUS (BONNATERRE, 1788), IN THE EASTERN NORTH SICILIAN WATERS, Antonio Celona, Alessandro De Maddalena, Teresa Romeo, Boll. Mus. civ. St. nat. Venezia, 56 (2005) p. 137-151
11Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License