Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Acipenseriformes > Acipenseridae > Acipenser > Acipenser sturio
 

Acipenser sturio (Sturgeon; Sea sturgeon; European sturgeon; Common sturgeon; Baltic sturgeon; Atlantic sturgeon)

Synonyms:
Language: Albanian; Basque; Breton; Bulgarian; Catalan; Croatian; Czech; Danish; Dutch; Estonian; Faroese; Finnish; French; Gaelic, Irish; German; Greek; Hungarian; Icelandic; Italian; Japanese; Latvian; Lithuanian; Lituanian; Macedonian; Maltese; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Other; Polish; Portuguese; Prussian, Old; Romanian; Russian; Serbian; Slovak; Slovenian; Spanish; Swedish; Turkish

Wikipedia Abstract

The European sea sturgeon (Acipenser sturio), also known as the Atlantic sturgeon, Baltic sturgeon or common sturgeon, is a species of sturgeon previously found on most coasts of Europe. It is anadromous and breeds in rivers. It is currently a critically endangered species. The wedge-shaped head of this sturgeon ends in a long point. There are many sensitive barbels on the facial area. The dorsal fins are located very far back on the body. Five longitudinal lines of large osseous plates are found on the body of the fish. The stomach is yellow and the back is a brownish grey.
View Wikipedia Record: Acipenser sturio

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Acipenser sturio

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  485.02 lbs (220.00 kg)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Lithophils
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Maximum Longevity [3]  100 years
Migration [4]  Anadromous
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Female Maturity [3]  12 years 7 months
Male Maturity [1]  9 years 6 months

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    

Protected Areas

Prey / Diet

Carcinus maenas (green crab)[5]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[5]

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Ouwehand Zoo
Rotterdam Zoo

Range Map

Distribution

Aegean Sea; Africa-Inland Waters; Albania; Algeria; Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Black Sea; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Canary Current; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Channel Islands; Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; Dordogne; Eastern Atlantic: North and White Seas, European coasts of Atlantic, northern Mediterranean eastward to Rhodos, western and southern Black Sea, Occasionally recorded from Iceland, Morocco and Algeria. Anadromous, in most large rivers, but not recorded from Danube upriver of delta. Today restricted to Garonne drainage in France (Ref. 59043). Recent DNA studies using museum specimens revealed that this species co-exists with <i>A. naccarii</i> from the Adriatic Sea to the Iberian Peninsula (Ref. 52173). Several DNA sequence differences were found between individuals of the species from the Gironde River population and from the North and Baltic Seas showing that different populations of <i>A. sturio</i> are genetically divergent (Ref. 82476). Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna). International trade banned (<b>CITES</b> I, since 29.7.83; <b>CMS</b> Appendix II).; Eastern Atlantic: Only in the Gironde-Garonne-Dordogne basin in France and in the Rioni basin in Georgia (Ref. 26160). During its sea phase distributed in the northeast Atlantic Ocean from Bay of Biscay to Scandinavia, the northern coasts of the Mediter; Eastern Atlantic: Only in the Gironde-Garonne-Dordogne basin in France and in the Rioni basin in Georgia (Ref. 26160). During its sea phase distributed in the northeast Atlantic Ocean from Bay of Biscay to Scandinavia, the northern coasts of the Mediterranean Sea, Morocco and the Black Sea (Ref. 3397, Ref. 26160, Ref. 51346) Reported from Iceland (Ref. 12462). Previously widely distributed along all the European coasts (Ref. 26334, Ref. 51439). Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna). International trade banned (<b>CITES</b> I, since 29.7.83; <b>CMS</b> Appendix II). Found in Lakes Onega and Ladoga (Ref. 42845). Recent DNA studies using museum specimens revealed that this species co-exists with <i>A. naccarii</i> from the Adriatic Sea to the Iberian Peninsula (Ref. 52173). Several DNA sequence differences were found between individuals of the species from the Gironde River population and from the North and Baltic Seas showing that different populations of <i>A. sturio</i> are genetically divergent (Ref. 82476).; Egypt; Elbe; England and Wales (UK); Estonia; Europe - Inland waters; Finland; France; Garonne; Georgia; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Gibraltar; Greece; Hungary; Iberian Coastal; Iceland; Ireland; Isle of Man; Israel; Italy; Latvia; Lebanon; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Lithuania; Loire; Malta; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Monaco; Morocco; Netherlands; North Sea; Northern Ireland; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Palearctic; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Scotland (UK); Sea of Marmara; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Syrian Arab Republic; Tunisia; Turkey; Ukraine; United Kingdom;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4, www.freshwaterecology.info, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012).
3Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License