Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Scorpaeniformes > Cottidae > Cottus > Cottus gobio

Cottus gobio (Bullhead; European bullhead; Freshwater sculpin; Miller's thumb; Sculpin)

Synonyms: Cottus affinis; Cottus ferrugineus; Cottus gobio gobio; Cottus gobio roseus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The bullhead (Cottus gobio) is a freshwater fish that is widely distributed in Europe, mainly in rivers. It is a member of the Cottidae family, a type of sculpin. It is also known as the miller's thumb, freshwater sculpin, common bullhead and European bullhead. The bullhead is a small demersal fish that lives both in cold, clear, fast-flowing small streams and in middle-sized rivers. It also occurs on gravelly shores of cold lakes. Further, it thrives in diluted brackish water of the Northern Baltic Sea.
View Wikipedia Record: Cottus gobio


Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Lithophils
Brood Guarder [1]  Yes
Maximum Longevity [3]  5 years
Migration [2]  Potamodromous
Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Italian Peninsula & Islands France, Italy, Malta, Monaco Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    
Upper Danube Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    

Protected Areas

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Prey / Diet



Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
London Aquarium
Museum de Besancon
Ouwehand Zoo
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Zoological Society of London


Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Austria; Baltic Sea; Belarus; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Czech Republic; Danube; Denmark; Don; Elbe; England and Wales (UK); Estonia; Europe - Inland waters; Europe: North Baltic in Scandinavia south to stream Maurine in southwesternmost of corner of Baltic basin (Germany); lower reaches of streams and rivers and along coast of Sweden, Finland, Russia southwest to Estonia.; Danube (except upper tributaries Save and Arges), Elbe, Ems, Weser and Rhône drainages;tributaries of upper Rhine downriver (northward) to about Mannheim; a few of uppermost tributaries of River Tevere, central Italy; Adriatic drainages from Potenza in Italy to Zrmanja in Croatia, except Timavo spring. Locally introduced in Scheldt drainage in Belgium. Records of sculpins from Neretva drainage in Bosnia-Herzegovina possibly belong to <i>Cottus gobio</i>.; Europe: brackish waters along coasts of Gulfs of Bothnia, Finland and Riga, and in estuaries of large rivers; freshwaters of Europe (including Italy, Greece, Ireland, mainland Denmark to northern Germany and northern Norway, Sweden and Finland) (Ref 5585; Europe: brackish waters along coasts of Gulfs of Bothnia, Finland and Riga, and in estuaries of large rivers; freshwaters of Europe (including Italy, Greece, Ireland, mainland Denmark to northern Germany and northern Norway, Sweden and Finland) (Ref 55856). Reported from 2 catchments, Forth and Clyde, in Scotland (P. Maitland, pers. comm.).; Finland; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Hungary; Iberian Coastal; Italy; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova, Republic of; Netherlands; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Onega River; Palearctic; Poland; Rhine; Rhône; Romania; Russian Federation; Scotland (UK); Serbia and Montenegro; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Ukraine; United Kingdom; Uzbekistan; Vallée de l'Ourthe entre Comblain-au-Pont et Angleur (Chaudfontaine; Comblain-au-Pont; Esneux; Liège; Vallée de l'Ourthe entre Hamoir et Comblain-au-Pont (Anthisnes; Comblain-au-Pont; Ferrières; Hamoir;; Volga;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4,, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012).
2Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License