Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Clupeiformes > Engraulidae > Engraulis > Engraulis japonicus

Engraulis japonicus (Japanese anchovy; Southern African anchovy; Anchovy; Cape anchovy)

Synonyms: Engraulis japonica; Engraulis zollingeri; Engraulus japonicus; Stolephorus celebicus; Stolephorus zollingeri
Language: Afrikaans; Agutaynen; Arabic; Bikol; Cebuano; Chavacano; Czech; Danish; Davawenyo; Dutch; Finnish; French; German; Hiligaynon; Italian; Japanese; Kagayanen; Korean; Kuyunon; Malay; Mandarin Chinese; Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Spanish; Surigaonon; Swedish; Tagalog; Waray-waray

Wikipedia Abstract

Japanese anchovy (Engraulis japonicus) is a schooling fish of the family Engraulidae. It is common in the Pacific Ocean south from the Sea of Okhotsk, widespread in the Sea of Japan, Yellow Sea, and East China Sea, and near the coasts of Japan. They live up to 2–3 years, similar to European anchovy. They spawn from Taiwan to southern Sakhalin.
View Wikipedia Record: Engraulis japonicus


Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [3]  1 year
Maximum Longevity [1]  3 years
Migration [2]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve II 256073 Western Cape, South Africa  
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  

Prey / Diet




Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Southeast; Benguela Current; Chiku River; China; East China Sea; Hong Kong; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Western; Indonesia; Indonesian Sea; Japan; Kamchatka; Kenya; Korea, Dem. People's Rep; Korea, Republic of; Mauritius; Mozambique; Namibia; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Northwest; Pacific, Western Central; Peng-hu Island; Philippines; Ruerhmen River; Russian Federation; Ryukyu Islands; Sea of Japan; Sea of Okhotsk; Shihtsao River; Shiliao River; Sogod Bay; Somali Coastal Current; South Africa; South China Sea; Taiwan; Tanzania, United Rep. of; Viet Nam; Western Pacific: southern Sakhalin Islands, Sea of Japan and Pacific coasts of Japan, and south to almost Canton/Taiwan; rare records (seems to represent stray fishes) off the coasts of Luzon and Western Mindanao, Philippines and from Manado and Ujung Pa; Western Pacific: southern Sakhalin Islands, Sea of Japan and Pacific coasts of Japan, and south to almost Canton/Taiwan; rare records (seems to represent stray fishes) off the coasts of Luzon and Western Mindanao, Philippines and from Manado and Ujung Pandang, Sulawesi, Indonesia (Ref. 189).; Yellow Sea;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Seasonal dynamics of a coastal food web: Stable isotope analysis of a higher consumer, Hideki Hamaoka, Noboru Okuda, Toru Fukumoto, Hitoshi Miyasaka, and Koji Omori, "Earth, Life, and Isotopes", Chap. 11, p. 161-181, Kyoto University Press (2010)
6Diets of the demersal fishes on the shelf off Iwate, northern Japan, T. Fujita, D. Kitagawa, Y. Okuyama, Y. Ishito, T. Inada, Y. Jin, Marine Biology (1995) 123:219-233
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15Feeding Habits of Japanese Spanish Mackerel in the Central and Western Waters of the Seto Inland Sea, Tatsu Kishida, Bull. Nansei Reg. Fish. Res. Lab. No. 20, 1986
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17"Food habits of the longtail tuna, Thunnus tonggol from the south western region of the Sea of Japan", Kobayashi, T., Bulletin of Yamaguchi Prefectural Fisheries Research Center, March 2005, p. 41-43
18Feeding habits and ontogenetic diet shift of hairtail fish (Trichiurus lepturus) in East China Sea and Yelow Sea, ZHANG Bo, Marine Fisheries Research, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2004
19Feeding ecology of hairtail Trichiurus margarites and largehead hairtail Trichiurus lepturus in the Beibu Gulf, the South China Sea, YAN Yunrong (颜云榕), HOU Gang (侯刚), CHEN Junlan (陈骏岚), LU Huosheng (卢伙胜), JIN Xianshi (金显仕), Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, Vol. 29 No. 1, P. 174-183, 2011
20Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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