Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Gasterosteiformes > Gasterosteidae > Gasterosteus > Gasterosteus aculeatus
 

Gasterosteus aculeatus (Alaskan stickleback)

Synonyms:

Wikipedia Abstract

The three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) is a fish native to most inland coastal waters north of 30°N. It has long been a subject of scientific study for many reasons. It shows great morphological variation throughout its range, ideal for questions about evolution and population genetics. Most populations are anadromous (they live in seawater but breed in fresh or brackish water) and very tolerant of changes in salinity, a subject of interest to physiologists. It displays elaborate breeding behavior (defending a territory, building a nest, taking care of the eggs and fry) and it can be social (living in shoals outside the breeding season) making it a popular subject of enquiry in fish ethology and behavioral ecology. Its antipredator adaptations, host-parasite interactions, se
View Wikipedia Record: Gasterosteus aculeatus

Attributes

Adult Length [1]  4.331 inches (11 cm)
Brood Dispersal [1]  In a nest
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Ariadnophils
Brood Guarder [1]  Yes
Litter Size [1]  250
Maximum Longevity [1]  8 years
Migration [3]  Diadromous
Diet [2]  Planktivore, Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Female Maturity [1]  1 year

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

America, North - Inland waters; Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; California Current; China; Europe: Mediterranean basin (including Mallorca, Sardinia), Atlantic basin south of English Channel and along western slope of British Isles; Rhine drainage. Hybrid zone with <i>Gasterosteus aculeatus</i> in English Channel, southern North Sea, Baltic Sea and their basins. Introduced to Switzerland (native in Basel). Invasive in upper Danube.; Japan; Mexico; Nearctic; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northwest; USA (contiguous states);

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
3Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4, www.freshwaterecology.info, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012).
4Food web topology and parasites in the pelagic zone of a subarctic lake, Per-Arne Amundsen, Kevin D. Lafferty, Rune Knudsen, Raul Primicerio, Anders Klemetsen and Armand M. Kuris, Journal of Animal Ecology 2009, 78, 563–572
5The aquatic moth Acentria ephemerella as a key species in submerged aquatic vegetation - direct and trait-mediated interactions with predators and food plants, Oliver Miler, PhD thesis at the Limnological Institute / University of Konstanz, research group Limnology of Lakes, 2008
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
8Diet of the Steller’s Sea Eagle in the Northern Sea of Okhotsk, Irina UTEKHINA, Eugene POTAPOV & Michael J. MCGRADY, First Symposium on Steller’s and White-tailed Sea Eagles in East Asia pp. 71-82, 2000
9Coastal Cutthroat Trout (Oncorhynchus clarki clarki) Diet In South Puget Sound, Washington 1999 – 2002, Joseph M. Jauquet, Masters Thesis, Evergreen State College, 2002
10Lappalainen, A., M. Rask, H. Koponen & S. Vesala, 2001. Relative abundance, diet and growth of perch (Perca fluviatilis) and roach (Rutilus rutilus) at Tvärminne, northern Baltic Sea, in 1975 and 1997: responses to eutrophication? Boreal Env. Res. 6: 107–118
11ROLE OF THE THREE-SPINED STICKLEBACK GASTEROSTEUS ACULEATUS L. IN THE FOOD ECOLOGY OF THE SPOONBILL PLATALEA LEUCORODIA, JAN H. KEMPER, Behaviour 132 (15-16) (1995), p. 1285-1299
12Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979
13PRELIMINARY REPORT FROM A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE DIET OF FOUR GADOID FISHES IN A FJORD OF WESTERN NORWAY, A.G. Vea Salvanes, International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, C.M. 1986/G: 71, Demersal Fish Committee
14FOOD OF THE SQUAWFISH Ptychocheilus oregonensis (Richardson) OF THE LOWER COLUMBIA RIVER, RICHARD B. THOMPSON, FISHERY BULLETIN 158 (1959)
15Hansson, S., Karlsson, L., Ikonen, E., Christensen, O., Mitans, A., Uzars, D., Petersson, E. and Ragnarsson, B. (2001), "Stomach analyses of Baltic salmon from 1959–1962 and 1994–1997: possible relations between diet and yolk-sac-fry mortality (M74)". Journal of Fish Biology, 58: 1730–1745
16Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License