Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Syngnathiformes > Syngnathidae > Hippocampus > Hippocampus zosterae

Hippocampus zosterae (little seahorse; pygmy seahorse; Dwarf seahorse)

Synonyms: Hippocampus regulus; Hippocampus rosamondae
Language: Danish; German; Mandarin Chinese; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The dwarf seahorse (Hippocampus zosterae) is a species of seahorse found in the subtidal aquatic beds of the Bahamas and parts of the United States. It is threatened by habitat loss. According to Guinness World Records, it is the slowest moving fish, with a top speed of about five feet per hour (152 cm per hour). It is most often white in color but can range from tan, brown, yellow and green. In the wild, it often has small skin growths called cirri that resemble algae.
View Wikipedia Record: Hippocampus zosterae


Gestation [3]  11 days
Litter Size [3]  55
Maximum Longevity [2]  1 year
Water Biome [1]  Reef, Coastal
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Female Maturity [2]  3 months 28 days
Male Maturity [4]  3 months 28 days

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Florida Aquarium
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo


Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Western Central; Bahamas; Belize; Bermuda; Caribbean Sea; Celestún Biosphere Reserve; Cuba; Gulf of Mexico; Mexico; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; USA (contiguous states); Western Atlantic: Bermuda, southern Florida (USA), Bahamas and the entire Gulf of Mexico. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (<b>CITES</b> II, since 5.15.04).;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3Life history and ecology of seahorses: implications for conservation and management, S. J. FOSTER AND A. C. J. VINCENT, Journal of Fish Biology (2004) 65, 1–61
4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License