Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Lepisosteiformes > Lepisosteidae > Lepisosteus > Lepisosteus platostomus

Lepisosteus platostomus (Shortnose gar)

Synonyms: Cylindrosteus rafinesquii; Cylindrosteus scabiceps; Cylindrosteus scabriceps; Lepisosteus albus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The shortnose gar (Lepisosteus platostomus) is a primitive freshwater fish of the family Lepisosteidae. It is native to the United States where its range includes the Mississippi and Missouri River basins, ranging from Montana to the west and the Ohio River to the east, southwards to the Gulf Coast. It inhabits calm waters in large rivers and their backwaters, as well as oxbow lakes and large pools. It is a long, slender fish, brown or olive green above and whitish below. It typically grows to about 60 cm (24 in) and is armoured by rows of interlocking, rhomboidal ganoid scales.
View Wikipedia Record: Lepisosteus platostomus


Adult Length [2]  35 inches (88 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Phyto-lithophils
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Litter Size [2]  36,460
Maximum Longevity [2]  20 years
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams
Adult Weight [3]  3.153 lbs (1.43 kg)
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Female Maturity [2]  3 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Laurentian Great Lakes Canada, United States Nearctic Large Lakes    

Protected Areas

Prey / Diet

Farfantepenaeus aztecus (brown shrimp)[4]


Homo sapiens (man)[4]


Parasitized by 
Macroderoides typicus <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


America, North - Inland waters; Mississippi; Missouri; Nearctic; North America: USA in Mississippi River basin from south central Ohio, north Indiana, and Wisconsin to Montana and south to north Alabama and Louisiana; Lake Michigan drainage, Wisconsin ; Calcasieu and Mermentau rivers on Louisiana Gulf Coast.; Tennessee; USA (contiguous states);

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License