Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Centrarchidae > Lepomis > Lepomis macrochirus

Lepomis macrochirus (Bluegill; Bluegill sunfish; Sunfish)

Synonyms: Lepomis macrochira; Lepomis macrochirus macrochirus; Lepomis macrochirus purpurescens
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Wikipedia Abstract

The bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) is a species of freshwater fish sometimes referred to as bream, brim, or copper nose. It is a member of the sunfish family Centrarchidae of the order Perciformes. It is native to North America and lives in streams, rivers, lakes, and ponds. It is commonly found east of the Rockies. It usually hides around, and inside, old tree stumps and other underwater structures. It can live in either deep or very shallow water, and will often move back and forth, depending on the time of day or season. Bluegills also like to find shelter among water plants and in the shade of trees along banks.
View Wikipedia Record: Lepomis macrochirus


Adult Length [2]  16 inches (41 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In a nest
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Polyphils
Brood Guarder [2]  Yes
Litter Size [2]  50,000
Maximum Longevity [2]  10 years
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams
Adult Weight [3]  2.604 lbs (1.181 kg)
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Female Maturity [2]  2 years


Protected Areas

Emblem of


Prey / Diet



Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


Africa-Inland Waters; America, North - Inland waters; America, South - Inland waters; Asia - Inland waters; Brazil; Canada; Congo, Republic of; Cuba; El Salvador; Ethiopian; Great Lakes; Hawaii (USA); Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Japan; Kenya; Korea, Republic of; Kum; Lake Biwa; Lake Waccamaw; Madagascar; Malawi; Mauritius; Mexico; Mississippi; Missouri; Morocco; Nakdong; Nearctic; Neotropical; North America: St. Lawrence - Great Lakes and Mississippi river basin; from Quebec to northern Mexico. Widely introduced. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.; North America: St. Lawrence - Great Lakes and Mississippi river basin; from Quebec to northern Mexico. Widely introduced. Trade restricted in Germany (Anl.3 BArtSchV). Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.; Oceania - Inland waters; Oriental; Palearctic; Panama; Philippines; Puerto Rico; Rio Grande; South Africa; St. Lawrence; Swaziland; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Venezuela; Youngsan; Zambezi; Zambia; Zimbabwe;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Sexual dimorphism in head shape and diet in the cottonmouth snake (Agkistrodon piscivorus), Shawn E. Vincent, Anthony Herrel and Duncan J. Irschick, J. Zool., Lond. (2004) 264, 53–59
6Aonyx capensis, Serge Larivière, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 671, pp. 1–6 (2001)
7del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License