Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Mullidae > Mullus > Mullus surmuletus

Mullus surmuletus (Red mullet; Red stripped mullet; Striped red mullet; Surmullet; Woodcock of the sea)

Synonyms: Mullus barbatus surmuletus; Mullus fuscatus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The striped red mullet or surmullet (Mullus surmuletus) is a species of goatfish found in the Mediterranean Sea, eastern North Atlantic Ocean, and the Black Sea. They can be found in water as shallow as 5 metres (16 ft) or as deep as 409 metres (1,342 ft) depending upon the portion of their range that they are in. This species can reach a length of 40 centimetres (16 in) SL though most are only around 25 centimetres (9.8 in). The greatest recorded weight for this species is 1 kilogram (2.2 lb). This is a commercially important species and is also sought after as a game fish.
View Wikipedia Record: Mullus surmuletus


Adult Weight [1]  1.213 lbs (550 g)
Female Maturity [2]  2 years
Male Maturity [1]  2 years
Maximum Longevity [2]  10 years
Migration [3]  Oceano-estuarine

Protected Areas

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap



Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Acquario di Genova
Artis Zoo
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Oresundsakvariet (Oresund Aquarium)
Universeum Science Center


Aegean Sea; Albania; Algeria; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Azores Islands; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Black Sea; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Cantabrian Sea; Cape Verde; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Channel Islands; Croatia; Cyprus; Denmark; Eastern Atlantic: Western Norway, English Channel (rare in North Sea) to Dakar, Senegal and the Canary Islands, including the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.; France; Galician Shelf; Georgia; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Gibraltar; Greece; Iberian Coastal; Ireland; Isle of Man; Israel; Italy; Lebanon; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Madeira Islands; Malta; Mauritania; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Monaco; Morocco; Netherlands; North Sea; Norway; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Sao Tomé and Principe; Sea of Marmara; Senegal; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Syrian Arab Republic; Tagus; Tunisia; Turkey; Ukraine; United Kingdom; Western Sahara;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
4Feeding habits and trophic levels of Mediterranean fish, Konstantinos I. Stergiou & Vasiliki S. Karpouzi, Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 11: 217–254, 2002
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Régime alimentaire du Rouget de roche (Mullus surmuletus L.) (Téléostéen, Mullidae) de la côte nord-ouest méditerranéenne du Maroc (région de M’diq), Maryam EL BAKALI, Mostafa TALBAOUI & Abdenbi BENDRISS, Bulletin de l’Institut Scientifique, Rabat, section Sciences de la Vie, 2010, n°32 (2), 87-93.
7TROPHIC HABITS OF RED SCORPIONFISH SCORPAENA SCROFA (OSTEICHTHYES, SCORPAENIFORMES) IN THE CENTRAL WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN, Serenella Cabiddu, Claudia Pedoni, Paola Pesci and Cristina Porcu, Rapp. Comm. int. Mer Médit., 39, 2010, p. 464
8INTERANNUAL CHANGES IN THE DIET OF THE ALMACO JACK, SERIOLA RIVOLIANA (PERCIFORMES: CARANGIDAE) FROM THE AZORES, João Pedro Barreiros; Telmo Morato; Ricardo Serrão Santos e Alfredo Emílio de Borba, Cybium 2003, 27(1): 37-40
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License