Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Pomacentridae > Amphiprion > Amphiprion melanopus

Amphiprion melanopus (Black anemonefish; Blackback anemonefish; Chocolate clown; Dusky anemonefish; Dusky anemone-fish; Fire clownfish; Red and black anemonefish; Red-and-black anemonefish; Clownfish)

Synonyms: Amphiprion arion; Amphiprion monofasciatus; Amphiprion verweyi; Prochilus macrostoma; Prochilus macrostomus
Language: Danish; Fijian; Gela; Malay; Mandarin Chinese; Marshallese; Samoan; Visayan

Wikipedia Abstract

Amphiprion melanopus, also known as the cinnamon clownfish, red and black anemonefish, black-backed anemonefish or dusky anemonefish is a widely distributed anemonefish chiefly found in the western and southern parts of the Pacific Ocean.. The species scientific name 'melanopus' is Greek, meaning black feet in reference to the black pelvic fins. Like all anemonefishes it forms a symbiotic mutualism with sea anemones and is unaffected by the stinging tentacles of the host anemone. It is a sequential hermaphrodite with a strict sized based dominance hierarchy: the female is largest, the breeding male is second largest, and the male non-breeders get progressively smaller as the hierarchy descends. They exhibit protandry, meaning the breeding male will change to female if the sole breeding fem
View Wikipedia Record: Amphiprion melanopus


Maximum Longevity [1]  5 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Shoalwater and Corio Bays Area Ramsar Site   Queensland, Australia


Prey / Diet

Tisbe furcata[2]


Ostorhinchus novemfasciatus (nineband cardinalfish)[2]


Heteractis crispa (Sebae anemone)[3]


Parasitized by 
Ceratomyxa whippsi <Unverified Name>[4]
Kudoa kenti <Unverified Name>[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)


Pacific Ocean: Indonesia (from Bali eastward), southern Philippines, New Guinea, Australia (Queensland), New Britain, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu (New Hebrides), New Caledonia, Fiji, Tonga, Samoa Islands, Society Islands, Caroline Islands, Marianas, Kiribati and Marshall Islands.;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3Clownfish and their Host Anemones ;; NOAA's Coral Reef Conservation Program
4Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License