Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Acipenseriformes > Acipenseridae > Acipenser > Acipenser persicus

Acipenser persicus (Persian sturgeon)

Synonyms: Acipenser güldenstädti persicus
Language: Czech; Finnish; French; Mandarin Chinese; Persian; Russian

Wikipedia Abstract

The Persian sturgeon (Acipenser persicus) is a species of fish in the family Acipenseridae. It is found in the Caspian Sea and to a lesser extent the Black Sea and ascends certain rivers to spawn, mainly the Volga, Kura, Araks and Ural Rivers. It is heavily fished for its flesh and its roe and is limited in its up-river migrations by damming of the rivers. Young fish feed on small invertebrates, graduating to larger prey such as crabs and fish as they grow. The threats faced by this fish include excessive fishing with the removal of immature fish before they have bred, damming of the rivers, loss of spawning areas and water pollution. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has listed the fish as critically endangered and has suggested that the increased provision of hatcheries
View Wikipedia Record: Acipenser persicus

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Acipenser persicus


Migration [1]  Potamodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  

Prey / Diet

Atherina boyeri (Big-scale sand smelt)[2]
Vimba vimba (Vimba bream)[2]


Range Map


Asia - Inland waters; Azerbaijan; Black Sea; Caspian Sea; Caspian Sea and the rivers entering it. Also distributed along the eastern Black Sea (Ref. 58888). Considered to be endangered (Ref. 6866). International trade restricted (<b>CITES</b> II, since 1.4.98; <b>CMS</b/> Appendix II).; Eurasia: Caspian basin, most abundant in the southern part (Ref. 59043). Also distributed along the eastern Black Sea (Ref. 58888). International trade restricted (<b>CITES</b> II, since 1.4.98; <b>CMS</b/> Appendix II).; Europe - Inland waters; Georgia; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Kazakhstan; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Palearctic; Russian Federation; Turkey; Turkmenistan; Volga;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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