Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Percidae > Sander > Sander lucioperca
 

Sander lucioperca (Pike-perch; European pike-perch; Perch-pike; Pikeperch; Zander)

Synonyms:
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Wikipedia Abstract

Zander (Sander lucioperca, syn. Stizostedion lucioperca) is a species of fish from freshwater and brackish habitats in western Eurasia. It is closely related to perch. Zander are often called pike-perch as they resemble the pike with their elongated body and head, and the perch with their spiny dorsal fin. Zander are not, as is commonly believed, a pike and perch hybrid. In Europe, a second species (Sander volgensis) is limited to rivers in southern Russia and the basin of the Danube. These two species are suspected to hybridize occasionally where they are sympatric, as they produce fertile hybrids in captivity; no natural hybrids are known yet however, and while they are apparently hard to detect, it is suspected that the species are separated by strong prezygotic isolation. It strongly r
View Wikipedia Record: Sander lucioperca

Attributes

Adult Length [1]  39 inches (100 cm)
Brood Egg Substrate [3]  Phyto-lithophils
Brood Guarder [3]  Yes
Maximum Longevity [1]  16 years
Migration [4]  Potamodromous
Adult Weight [2]  24.251 lbs (11.00 kg)
Diet [4]  Carnivore
Female Maturity [1]  3 years 8 months
Male Maturity [2]  3 years 8 months

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Italian Peninsula & Islands France, Italy, Malta, Monaco Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Middle Missouri United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    

Protected Areas

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Larus cachinnans (Yellow-legged Gull)1
Mergellus albellus (Smew)3
Microcarbo pygmeus (Pygmy Cormorant)2
Podiceps cristatus (Great Crested Grebe)1

Predators

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Universeum Science Center

Distribution

Afghanistan; Africa-Inland Waters; Algeria; America, North - Inland waters; Amudar'ya; Amur; Armenia; Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Austria; Azerbaijan; Azores Islands; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Bosten Lake; Bulgaria; Caspian Sea; China; Croatia; Czech Republic; Danube; Denmark; Desna; Don; Eastern and central Europe, Sweden and Finland, Western Asia; introduced into several European countries. This species has depleted stocks of native fish in some areas where it has been introduced for angling (Ref. 9988). Several countries report advers; Eastern and central Europe, Sweden and Finland, Western Asia; introduced into several European countries. This species has depleted stocks of native fish in some areas where it has been introduced for angling (Ref. 9988). Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.; Erqishi River; Estonia; Europe - Inland waters; Europe: Caspian, Baltic, Black and Aral Sea basins; Elbe (North Sea basin) and Maritza (Aegean basin) drainages. North to about 65° N in Finland. Introduced widely (Ref. 59043). Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction (Ref. 1739); Finland; France; Georgia; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Greece; Hungary; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Issyk-Kul Lake; Italy; Kazakhstan; Kuban River; Kyrgyzstan; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova, Republic of; Morocco; Nearctic; Netherlands; Norway; Onega River; Palearctic; Poland; Portugal; Rhine; Rhône; Romania; Russian Federation; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Tigris; Tunisia; Turkey; USA (contiguous states); Ukraine; United Kingdom; Uzbekistan; Volga; Yili River;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4, www.freshwaterecology.info, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012).
4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Dietary importance of various prey fishes for pikeperch Sander lucioperca (L.) in large shallow lake Võrtsjärv (Estonia), Peeter Kangur, Andu Kangur, and Külli Kangur, Proc. Estonian Acad. Sci. Biol. Ecol., 2007, 56, 2, 154-167
7THE DIET OF HARBOUR PORPOISE (PHOCOENA PHOCOENA) IN THE NORTHEAST ATLANTIC, M. B. SANTOS & G. J. PIERCE, Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review 2003, 41, 355–390
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License