Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fabales > Fabaceae > Andira > Andira inermis

Andira inermis (cabbagebark tree; Pleasant-wood; Bastard Mahogany; West Indian Walnut; Angelino; Chirai; Caconnier Rouge; Lombrigueira; Pilon; Angelim; Aboranzork; Andira Uchi; Sucupira Da Varzea; Manga-brava; Yaba; Vchirama; Umare; Uchirana; Uchi; Tobago-chapermo; Sucurira-de-varzea; Sarinette; Quilla; Pau-palmeira; Palo Maco; Palo De Burro; Moza Blanca; Morcegueira; Moca Blanca; Moca; Maea Colorada; Macayo; L'Angelin; Jumbie Bead; Guaycamayo; Dedefouden; Cumaruana; Cuilembuca; Cocu; Cabbagibark; Cabbage-tree; Cabbagebark; Cabbage Bark; Bois Palmiste; Avineira; Arenillo; Anndjelinn; Angelin Tree; Angelim-liso; Angelim-branco; Andirauchi; Almendro De Rio; Almendro Cimarrou; Almendro; Alemendro)

Synonyms: Andira grandiflora; Andira jamaicensis; Geoffroea jamaicensis var. inermis; Vouacapoua inermis

Wikipedia Abstract

Andira inermis is a nitrogen-fixing tree native to the area from southern Mexico through Central America to northern South America (Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil); it has been introduced to the Caribbean, the Antilles, Florida, and Africa. The tree has many names due to its wide distribution and multiple uses: it is also known as the cabbage bark (in Belize), almendro macho (in El Salvador), almendro de río or river almond (Honduras), bastard cabbage tree, cabbage angelin (United States), cabbage bark (United States), cabbage tree, carne asada (Costa Rica), guacamayo (Honduras), Jamaica cabbage tree, moca (Puerto Rico), partridge wood (United States), worm bark, or yellow cabbage tree.
View Wikipedia Record: Andira inermis



Bloom Period [1]  Summer
Drought Tolerance [1]  Medium
Fire Tolerance [1]  Medium
Frost Free Days [1]  1 year
Fruit/Seed Abundance [1]  Low
Fruit/Seed Begin [1]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [1]  Fall
Growth Form [1]  Single Stem
Growth Period [1]  Year Round
Growth Rate [1]  Rapid
Hazards [1]  Moderate Toxicity
Janka Hardness [3]  1750 lbf (794 kgf) Medium
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [1]  Perennial
Propagation [1]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [1]  36 inches (91 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [1]  Moderate
Seed Vigor [1]  High
Seeds Per [1]  190 / lb (419 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [1]  Irregular
Specific Gravity [4]  0.64
Structure [2]  Tree
Flower Color [1]  White
Foliage Color [1]  Green
Fruit Color [1]  Brown
Fall Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Flower Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Height [1]  90 feet (27.4 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 10 Low Temperature: 30 F° (-1.1 C°) → 40 F° (4.4 C°)
Light Preference [1]  Full Sun
Soil Fertility [1]  Intermediate
Water Use [1]  Low
Screening - Summer [1]  Dense
Screening - Winter [1]  Dense

Protected Areas


Alouatta pigra (Mexican black howler monkey)[5]
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)[6]
Ferrisia virgata (grey mealybug)[7]
Howardia biclavis (mining scale)[7]
Ischnaspis longirostris (black line scale)[7]


Antigua-Barbuda (native); Argentina (native); Belize (native); Bolivia (native); Brazil (native); Cameroon (native); Central African Rep. (native); Chad (native); Colombia (native); Costa Rica (native); Dominica (native); Dominican Republic (native); Ecuador (native); El Salvador (native); Fiji (introduced); French Guiana (native); Gambia The (native); Ghana (native); Grenada (native); Guadeloupe (native); Guatemala (native); Guinea Bissau (native); Guyana (native); Haiti (native); Honduras (native); India (introduced); India-ISO (introduced); Ivory Coast (native); Jamaica (native); Mali (native); Martinique (native); Mauritius (introduced); Mexico(North & Central) (native); Mexico(South East) (native); Nicaragua (native); Niger (native); Nigeria (native); Panama (native); Paraguay (native); Peru (native); Puerto Rico (native); Sabah (native); Senegal (native); Singapore (introduced); Sri Lanka (introduced); St Lucia (native); St Vincent (native); Sudan (native); Surinam (native); Togo (native); Trindade-Martin Vaz (native); Trinidad & Tobago (native); Uganda (native); United States (native); Venezuela (native); Virgin Is (native);

External References

USDA Plant Profile



Attributes / relations provided by
1USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
4Wood Technology Transfer Fact Sheets U.S. Department of Agriculture - Forest Service
5Feeding Ecology of the Black Howler Monkey (Alouatta pigra) in Northern Belize, S.C. SILVER, L.E.T. OSTRO, C.P. YEAGER, AND R. HORWICH, American Journal of Primatology 45:263–279 (1998)
6Artibeus jamaicensis, Jorge Ortega and Iván Castro-Arellano, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 662, pp. 1–9 (2001)
7Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License