Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fabales > Fabaceae > Arachis > Arachis hypogaea

Arachis hypogaea (Earthnut; Peanut; Monkeynut; cacahuete; Pistache de Terre; Pistache; Pistach; Pindels; Mani Largo; Mani; Groundnut; Ground Nut; Goober; Cacahuetes; Cacahouete; Arachide; Amendoim)

Synonyms: Arachis hypogaea subsp. oleifera; Arachis nambyquarae
Language: Azerbaijani; Finnish; German; Hindi; Italian; Mongolian; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Spanish; Swedish; Ukrainian; Uzbek

Wikipedia Abstract

Peanut, also known as groundnut and goober (Arachis hypogaea), is a crop of global importance. It is widely grown in the tropics and subtropics, being important to both smallholder and large commercial producers. It is classified as both a grain legume, and, because of its high oil content, an oil crop. World annual production is about 46 million tonnes per year. Peanut pods develop under the ground, which is very unusual among crop plants.
View Wikipedia Record: Arachis hypogaea


Allergen Potential [1]  High
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [2]  Of greatest concern is possible contamination of damaged or spoiled seeds with the teratogenic, carcinogenic aflatoxins. Two principal toxins, aflatoxins B, and G, and their less toxic dihydro derivatives, aflatoxins B2 and G2 are formed by the aflatoxin producing moulds (Aspergillus flavus et al). Prevention of mould growth is the mainstay, there being no satisfactory way to remove the toxins from feed and foods (however, peanut oils are free of aflatoxins because of alkaline processing);
Lifespan [2]  Annual
Pollinators [2]  Insects, Lepidoptera
Structure [3]  Herb
Usage [2]  The seeds yield a non-drying oil that has a wide range of uses including the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, soaps, cold creams, pomades and lubricants, paints, emulsions for insect control, and fuel for diesel engines; Peanut hulls are used for furfural, fuel, as a filler for fertilizers or for sweeping compounds;
Height [2]  12 inches (0.3 m)
View Plants For A Future Record : Arachis hypogaea

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Cayambe-Coca Ecological Reserve VI 921676 Ecuador  


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


Angola-ISO (introduced); Antigua-Barbuda (introduced); Argentina (native); Australia (introduced); Azerbaijan (introduced); Barbados (introduced); Belarus (introduced); Belize (introduced); Bhutan (introduced); Bolivia (introduced); Brazil (native); Burundi (introduced); Cameroon (introduced); Chad (introduced); China (introduced); Colombia (introduced); Comoro Is (introduced); Costa Rica (introduced); Cuba (introduced); Djibouti (introduced); Dominican Republic (introduced); El Salvador (introduced); Equatorial Guinea-ISO (introduced); Ethiopia (introduced); Fiji (introduced); French Guiana (introduced); Gabon (introduced); Gambia The (introduced); Ghana (introduced); Grenada (introduced); Guadeloupe (introduced); Guatemala (introduced); Guinea (introduced); Guinea Bissau (introduced); Haiti (introduced); India (introduced); India-ISO (introduced); Indonesia-ISO (introduced); Iraq (introduced); Ivory Coast (introduced); Jamaica (introduced); Japan (introduced); Jawa (native); Kazakhstan (introduced); Kirgizstan (introduced); Laos (introduced); Liberia (introduced); Madagascar (introduced); Malawi (introduced); Malaysia-ISO (introduced); Mali (introduced); Martinique (introduced); Mauritius (introduced); Mayotte (introduced); Mexico(North & Central) (introduced); Mexico(South East) (introduced); Moldova (introduced); Mongolia (introduced); Montserrat (introduced); Mozambique (introduced); Myanmar (introduced); Namibia-ISO (introduced); Nepal (introduced); New Zealand(North) (introduced); New Zealand(South) (introduced); Nicobar Is (introduced); Niger (introduced); Nigeria (introduced); Niue (introduced); Northern Marianas (introduced); Pakistan (introduced); Papua New Guinea (introduced); Peninsular Malaysia (native); Peru (introduced); Philippines (introduced); Puerto Rico (introduced); Reunion (introduced); Rodrigues (introduced); Russia in Asia (introduced); Russia in Europe (introduced); Rwanda (introduced); Sabah (introduced); Sao Tome & Principe (introduced); Senegal (introduced); Seychelles (introduced); Sierra Leone (introduced); Singapore (introduced); Society Is (introduced); South Africa (introduced); Spain (introduced); Sri Lanka (introduced); St Martin-St Barthelemy (introduced); St Vincent (introduced); Sudan (introduced); Sumatera (native); Tadzhikistan (introduced); Taiwan (introduced); Tanzania (introduced); Togo (introduced); Turkey in Asia (introduced); Turkmenistan (introduced); Uganda (introduced); Ukraine (introduced); United States (introduced); Uzbekistan (introduced); Vietnam (introduced); Zaire (introduced); Zambia (introduced); Zimbabwe (introduced);

External References

USDA Plant Profile



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
7The Crop and Gizzard Food Contents of Purple Glossy Starling (Lamprotornis purpureus) in Jere and Konduga Local Government Areas of Borno State, Nigeria, S.D. YUSUFU AND Z.M. BELLO, Int. J. Agri. Biol., Vol. 6, No. 2, 2004, p. 270-271
8Foraging activity and diet of the ant, Anoplolepis tenella Santschi (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), in southern Cameroon, A. Fotso Kuate, M. Tindo, R. Hanna, M. Kenne & G. Goergen, African Entomology 16(1): 107–114 (2008)
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License