Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fabales > Fabaceae > Indigofera > Indigofera tinctoria

Indigofera tinctoria (true indigo; Añil; Wild Indigo; Bengal Indigo; Madras Indigo; Indigotier; Indigo Sauvage; Digo; Ceylon Indigo)

Synonyms: Indigofera houer; Indigofera oligophylla
Language: German; Hindi; Italian; Polish; Portuguese; Russian; Sinhala; Swedish

Wikipedia Abstract

Indigofera tinctoria, also called true indigo, is a species of plant from the bean family that was one of the original sources of indigo dye. It has been naturalized to tropical and temperate Asia, as well as parts of Africa, but its native habitat is unknown since it has been in cultivation worldwide for many centuries. Today most dye is synthetic, but natural dye from I. tinctoria is still available, marketed as natural coloring where it is known as tarum in Indonesia and nila in Malaysia. In Iran and areas of former USSR known as basma. The plant is also widely grown as a soil-improving groundcover.
View Wikipedia Record: Indigofera tinctoria


Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Kakadu National Park II 4744348 Northern Territory, Australia



Pollinated by 
Megachile kobensis[2]
Megachile subalbuta[2]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Kew Millennium Seed Bank Partnership
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


Angola-ISO (native); Australia (native); Bahamas (introduced); Bangladesh (native); Belize (introduced); Benin (native); Bismarck Archipelago (native); Botswana (native); Cambodia (native); Cameroon (native); Cape Verde (native); Cayman Is (introduced); Central African Rep. (native); Chad (native); China (native); Comoro Is (introduced); Dominican Republic (introduced); El Salvador (introduced); Ethiopia (native); Gabon (native); Gambia The (native); Ghana (native); Gruzia (introduced); Guatemala (introduced); Guinea (native); Guinea Bissau (native); Hainan (native); Haiti (introduced); India (native); India-ISO (native); Indonesia-ISO (native); Irian Jaya (native); Ivory Coast (native); Jamaica (introduced); Japan (native); Jawa (native); Kalimantan (native); Kenya (native); Laccadive Is (native); Madagascar (uncertain); Malawi (native); Malaysia-ISO (native); Maldives (native); Mali (native); Mauritius (introduced); Moluccas (native); Mozambique (native); Myanmar (native); Niger (native); Nigeria (native); Pakistan (native); Papua New Guinea (native); Peninsular Malaysia (native); Peru (introduced); Philippines (native); Reunion (introduced); Rodrigues (introduced); Russia in Asia (introduced); Sao Tome & Principe (native); Sarawak (native); Saudi Arabia (uncertain); Senegal (native); Seychelles (introduced); Singapore (introduced); Socotra (native); Somalia (native); South Africa (native); Sri Lanka (native); Sudan (native); Sumatera (native); Taiwan (native); Tanzania (native); Thailand (native); Togo (native); Uganda (native); United States (introduced); Uzbekistan (introduced); Venezuela (introduced); Vietnam (native); Yemen (native); Zambia (native); Zimbabwe (native);

External References

USDA Plant Profile



Attributes / relations provided by
1Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License