Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fabales > Fabaceae > Cicer > Cicer arietinum
 

Cicer arietinum (Chickpea; Chick Pea; Garbanzo Bean; Konda-Kadala; Katjang Arab; Hummus; Gram; Garvance; Garbanzo; Dhale; Catjang Arab; Bengal Gram)

Synonyms:
Language: Armenian; Azerbaijani; Belorussian; Finnish; French; German; Hindi; Italian; Lithuanian; Mongolian; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Tadzhik; Turkmenian; Ukrainian; Uzbek

Wikipedia Abstract

The chickpea or chick pea (Cicer arietinum) is a legume of the family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae. It is also known as gram, or Bengal gram, garbanzo or garbanzo bean, and sometimes known as Egyptian pea, ceci, cece or chana, or Kabuli chana (particularly in northern India). Its seeds are high in protein. It is one of the earliest cultivated legumes: 7,500-year-old remains have been found in the Middle East.
View Wikipedia Record: Cicer arietinum

Infraspecies

Attributes

Edible [1]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [1]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [1]  The foliage and seedpods contain oxalic acid and can irritate the skin; There is also one report that the foliage is poisonous;
Lifespan [1]  Annual
Structure [2]  Herb
Height [1]  24 inches (0.6 m)
View Plants For A Future Record : Cicer arietinum

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Avon Gorge Woodlands 376 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Thursley, Ash, Pirbright and Chobham 12696 England, United Kingdom

Predators

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ditylenchus dipsaci (Bud and stem nematode)[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault

Distribution

Afghanistan (native); Albania (introduced); Algeria (introduced); Argentina (introduced); Armenia (introduced); Australia (introduced); Azerbaijan (introduced); Balearic Is (introduced); Belarus (introduced); Bhutan (introduced); Bolivia (introduced); Bulgaria (introduced); Canada (introduced); Caribbean-TRP (introduced); Chile (introduced); China (native); Colombia (introduced); Corsica (uncertain); Costa Rica (introduced); Cyprus (introduced); Dominican Republic (introduced); East Aegean Is(Greek) (uncertain); Egypt (introduced); Estonia (introduced); Ethiopia (introduced); Fiji (introduced); France (introduced); Greece (introduced); Gruzia (introduced); Guatemala (introduced); Haiti (introduced); India (introduced); Indonesia-ISO (introduced); Iran (native); Iraq (native); Israel (native); Italy (introduced); Jawa (native); Jordan (native); Kazakhstan (introduced); Kenya (introduced); Kirgizstan (introduced); Kriti (introduced); Lebanon (native); Libya (introduced); Lithuania (introduced); Madeira (introduced); Mauritius (introduced); Mexico(North & Central) (introduced); Moldova (introduced); Mongolia (introduced); Morocco (introduced); Myanmar (introduced); Nauru (introduced); Nepal (introduced); New Zealand(North) (introduced); New Zealand(South) (introduced); Oman (introduced); Pakistan (uncertain); Papua New Guinea (native); Peru (introduced); Portugal (introduced); Rodrigues (introduced); Romania (introduced); Russia in Asia (introduced); Russia in Europe (introduced); Sardegna (uncertain); Sicilia (uncertain); Somalia (introduced); Spain (introduced); Sri Lanka (introduced); Sudan (introduced); Syria (native); Taiwan (native); Tanzania (introduced); Tunisia (introduced); Turkey in Asia (native); Turkmenistan (introduced); Uganda (introduced); Ukraine (introduced); United States (introduced); Uzbekistan (introduced); Yemen (introduced); Yugoslavia (introduced); Zaire (introduced); Zimbabwe (introduced);

External References

USDA Plant Profile

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
4Food and Feeding Ecology of the Common Myna, Acridotheres tristis (Linn.), S. Sengupta, Proc. Indian natn. Sci. Acad. Vol 42, Part B, No. 6, pp. 338-345 (1976)
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
78.2 Indian fox, Vulpes bengalensis, A.J.T. Johnsingh and Y.V. Jhala, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp.
8Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License