Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fabales > Fabaceae > Vachellia > Vachellia karroo

Vachellia karroo (karroothorn; Cape Gum; Udai Vel; Karroo Thorn; Kaludai; Doorn Boom; Cockspur Thorn; Cassie a Piquants Blancs)

Synonyms: Acacia karroo
Language: Hindi

Wikipedia Abstract

Acacia karroo, commonly known as the Sweet thorn, is a species of Acacia, native to southern Africa from southern Angola east to Mozambique, and south to South Africa. It is a shrub or small to medium-sized tree which grows to height of 12m. It is difficult to tell apart from Acacia nilotica subsp. adstringens without examining the seed pods. It is not listed as being a threatened species.
View Wikipedia Record: Vachellia karroo


Allergen Potential [1]  High
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Specific Gravity [3]  0.689
Structure [2]  Tree

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Gamkapoort Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve II 22744 Western Cape, South Africa  
Karoo National Park II 190300 Western Cape, South Africa
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


Angola-ISO (native); Australia (introduced); Botswana (native); Corsica (introduced); India (introduced); Iraq (introduced); Lesotho (native); Libya (introduced); Mauritius (introduced); Morocco (introduced); Mozambique (native); Namibia-ISO (native); Portugal (introduced); Sicilia-F.E. (introduced); South Africa (native); Spain-F.E. (introduced); Swaziland (native); Zimbabwe (native);

External References

USDA Plant Profile



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6Co-existence and niche segregation of three small bovid species in southern Mozambique, Herbert H.T. Prins, Willem F. de Boer, Herman van Oeveren, Augusto Correia, Jorge Mafuca and Han Olff, 2006 East African Wild Life Society, Afr. J. Ecol., 44, 186–198
7del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
8Equus zebra, B. L. Penzhorn, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 314, pp. 1-7 (1988)
9Seasonal Variation in the Diet of South African Galagos, Caroline Harcourt, International Journal of Primatology, Vol. 7, No. 5, 1986
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