Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fabales > Fabaceae > Acacia > Acacia melanoxylon

Acacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood; Blackwood; Blackwood acacia; Tasmanian blackwood; Black Wattle; Sally Wattle; Mudgerabah; Hickory)

Language: Afrikaans; Portuguese; Russian; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

Acacia melanoxylon, commonly known as the Australian blackwood, is an Acacia species native in eastern Australia. The species is also known as Sally wattle, lightwood, hickory, mudgerabah, Tasmanian blackwood, black wattle or blackwood acacia.
View Wikipedia Record: Acacia melanoxylon

Invasive Species

Acacia melanoxylon is native in eastern Australia. This tree grows fast and tall, up to 45m height. It has a wide ecological tolerance, occurring over an extensive range of soils and climatic conditions, but develops better in colder climates. Control of its invasion of natural vegetation, commercial timber plantations and farmland incurs considerable costs, but its timber value and nursing of natural forest succession provides a positive contribution.
View ISSG Record: Acacia melanoxylon


Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  High
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Moderate
Screening - Winter [2]  Moderate
Shade Percentage [1]  80 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Low
Wind Reduction [1]  High
Bloom Period [2]  Early Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  High
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [2]  6 months
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Multiple Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Janka Hardness [4]  1330 lbf (603 kgf) Medium
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [2]  28 inches (71 cm)
Scent [3]  The flowers have a penetrating scent.
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  31200 / lb (68784 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Specific Gravity [5]  0.531
Structure [3]  Tree
Usage [3]  A yellow dye is obtained from the flowers; A green dye is obtained from the seed pods; The extensive root system of this plant helps to prevent soil erosion; The bark is rich in tannin; Wood - hard, dark, close grained, high quality, takes a high polish. Used for furniture, fittings etc;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  Moderate
Flower Color [2]  White
Foliage Color [2]  Dark Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Height [3]  98 feet (30 m)
Width [1]  25 feet (7.6 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 9 Low Temperature: 20 F° (-6.7 C°) → 30 F° (-1.1 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [1]  Low
View Plants For A Future Record : Acacia melanoxylon

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Grampians National Park II 416373 Victoria, Australia
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Mt. Field National Park II 39289 Tasmania, Australia
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  



Argentina (introduced); Australia (native); Azores (introduced); Belgium-F.E. (introduced); Bhutan (introduced); Bolivia (introduced); Chile (introduced); Colombia (introduced); Ethiopia (introduced); France-F.E. (introduced); Gruzia (introduced); India (introduced); Italy-F.E. (introduced); Kenya (introduced); Lesotho (introduced); Mauritius (introduced); Moldova (introduced); Nepal (introduced); New Zealand(North) (introduced); New Zealand(South) (introduced); Pakistan (introduced); Peru (introduced); Portugal (introduced); Reunion (introduced); South Africa (introduced); Spain-F.E. (introduced); Sri Lanka (introduced); Swaziland (introduced); Tanzania (introduced); Tasmania (native); United States (introduced); Uruguay (introduced); Venezuela (introduced);

External References

USDA Plant Profile



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
5Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
7Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
8New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
9Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
10Food of some birds in eastern New South Wales: additions to Barker & Vestjens. Emu 93(3): 195–199
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License