Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fabales > Fabaceae > Medicago > Medicago polymorpha
 

Medicago polymorpha (bur clover; burclover; Toothed Bur Clover; Toothed Medick; Black Medick; Bur Medic; Bur Medick; Burr Medic; California Burclover; Luzerne Polymorphe; Rauher Schneckenklee; Stachliger Schneckenklee; Wollklette)

Synonyms:
Language: Russian

Wikipedia Abstract

Medicago polymorpha is a plant species of the genus Medicago. It is native to the Mediterranean basin but is found throughout the world. It forms a symbiotic relationship with the bacterium Sinorhizobium medicae, which is capable of nitrogen fixation. Common names include California burclover, toothed bur clover, toothed medick and burr medic.
View Wikipedia Record: Medicago polymorpha

Infraspecies

Attributes

Bee Flower Color [1]  Green
Flower Color [2]  Yellow
Foliage Color [2]  Dark Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Bloom Period [2]  Winter
Dispersal Mode [5]  Zoochory
Drought Tolerance [2]  None
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  None
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [2]  3 months 10 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Summer
Growth Form [2]  Single Crown
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Fall, Winter
Growth Rate [2]  Moderate
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Lifespan [3]  Annual
Pollinators [3]  Bats
Propagation [2]  Seed
Regrowth Rate [2]  Slow
Root Depth [2]  12 inches (30 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Moderate
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  170400 / lb (375667 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Prostrate
Structure [6]  Herb
Usage [3]  Used as a green manure, it fixes atmospheric nitrogen;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Height [3]  24 inches (0.6 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 10 Low Temperature: 30 F° (-1.1 C°) → 40 F° (4.4 C°)
Light Preference [4]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [4]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [4]  Intermediate
Soil Moisture [4]  Mostly Dry
Water Use [2]  Moderate
Screening - Summer [2]  Porous
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
View Plants For A Future Record : Medicago polymorpha

Protected Areas

Ecosystems

Predators

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Uromyces pisi-sativi[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Kew Millennium Seed Bank Partnership
Svalbard Global Seed Vault

Distribution

Afghanistan (native); Albania (native); Algeria (native); Argentina (introduced); Australia (introduced); Austria (native); Azerbaijan (native); Azores (native); Balearic Is (native); Belarus (introduced); Belgium (introduced); Bolivia (introduced); Brazil (introduced); Bulgaria (native); Canada (introduced); Canary Is (native); Chatham Is (introduced); Chile (introduced); China (native); Corsica (native); Costa Rica (introduced); Cyprus (native); Czechoslovakia (introduced); Djibouti (native); Dominican Republic (introduced); East Aegean Is(Greek) (native); Ecuador (introduced); Egypt (native); Estonia (introduced); Ethiopia (uncertain); France (native); Germany (native); Great Britain (native); Greece (native); Gruzia (native); Hawaii (introduced); Hungary (introduced); India (uncertain); Iran (uncertain); Iraq (uncertain); Israel (native); Italy (native); Jordan (native); Kazakhstan (native); Kenya (uncertain); Kermadec Is (introduced); Kirgizstan (native); Kriti (native); Kuwait (uncertain); Latvia (introduced); Lebanon (native); Libya (native); Madeira (native); Malta (native); Mauritius (introduced); Mexico(North & Central) (introduced); Mexico(South East) (introduced); Morocco (native); Nepal (uncertain); Netherlands (introduced); New Zealand(North) (introduced); New Zealand(South) (introduced); Northern Marianas (introduced); Pakistan (native); Peru (introduced); Philippines (introduced); Portugal (native); Reunion (introduced); Romania (native); Russia in Asia (native); Russia in Europe (introduced); Sardegna (native); Saudi Arabia (uncertain); Sicilia (native); Sinai (native); Socotra (native); South Africa (introduced); Spain (native); Switzerland (introduced); Syria (native); Tadzhikistan (native); Taiwan (native); Tanzania (uncertain); Tasmania (introduced); Tunisia (native); Turkey in Asia (native); Turkey in Europe (native); Turkmenistan (native); Ukraine (native); United States (introduced); Uruguay (introduced); Uzbekistan (native); Venezuela (introduced); Vietnam (introduced); Yemen (uncertain); Yugoslavia (native);

External References

USDA Plant Profile

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Arnold SEJ, Faruq S, Savolainen V, McOwan PW, Chittka L, 2010 FReD: The Floral Reflectance Database — A Web Portal for Analyses of Flower Colour. PLoS ONE 5(12): e14287.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
5Paula S, Arianoutsou M, Kazanis D, Tavsanoglu Ç, Lloret F, Buhk C, Ojeda F, Luna B, Moreno JM, Rodrigo A, Espelta JM, Palacio S, Fernández-Santos B, Fernandes PM, and Pausas JG. 2009. Fire-related traits for plant species of the Mediterranean Basin. Ecology 90: 1420.
Paula S. & Pausas J.G. 2013. BROT: a plant trait database for Mediterranean Basin species. Version 2013.06.
6Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
9Geomys breviceps, James M. Sulentich, Lawrence R. Williams, and Guy N. Cameron, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 383, pp. 1-4 (1991)
10Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
11del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
12BOTANICAL COMPOSITION OF ALPACA (Lama pacos Linn.) DIET IN A CENTRAL MEDITERRANEAN RANGE OF CHILE, G. Castellaro G., F. Squella N., F. León C., and A. Raggi S., CHILEAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH 68:136-145 (APRIL-JUNE 2008)
13New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License