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Eucalyptus camaldulensis (river redgum)

Wikipedia Abstract

Eucalyptus camaldulensis, the river red gum, is a tree of the genus Eucalyptus. It is one of around 800 in the genus. It is a plantation species in many parts of the world, but is native to Australia, where it has the most widespread natural distribution of Eucalyptus in Australia, especially beside inland water courses. Oddly, it is named for a private estate garden near the Camaldoli monastery near Naples (L'Hortus Camaldulensis di Napoli), from where the first specimen came to be described. Material from this tree was used by Frederick Dehnhardt, Chief Gardener at the Botanic Gardens in Naples, to describe this species in 1832.
View Wikipedia Record: Eucalyptus camaldulensis

Infraspecies

Attributes

Air Quality Improvement [1]  None
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Carbon Capture [1]  High
Screening - Summer [2]  Moderate
Screening - Winter [2]  Moderate
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Bloom Period [2]  Early Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Medium
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [2]  6 months
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Medium
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Winter
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer, Fall
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Hazards [3]  Citronellal, an essential oil found in most Eucalyptus species is reported to be mutagenic when used in isolation; In large doses, oil of eucalyptus, like so many essential oils has caused fatalities from intestinal irritation; Death is reported from ingestion of 4 - 24 ml of essential oils, but recoveries are also reported for the same amount; Symptoms include gastroenteric burning and irritation, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, oxygen deficiency, ,weakness, dizziness, stupor, difficult respiration, delirium, paralysis, convulsions, and death, usually due to respiratory failure;
Janka Hardness [4]  2180 lbf (989 kgf) Hard
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Bees
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  20 inches (51 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  High
Seeds Per [2]  2628384 / lb (5794599 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Specific Gravity [5]  0.721
Structure [3]  Tree
Usage [3]  A gum is obtained from the plant. It is used medicinally and in tanning; The leaves contain 0.1 - 0.4% essential oil, 77% of which is cineol There is some cuminal, phellandrene, aromadendren (or aromadendral), and some valerylaldehyde, geraniol, cymene, and phellandral; The leaves contain 5 - 11% tannin. The kino contains 45% kinotannic acid as well as kino red, a glycoside, catechol, and pyrocatechol; The leaves and fruits test positive for flavonoids and sterols; The bark contains 2.5 - 16% tannin, the wood 2 - 14%, and the kino 46.2 - 76.7%; A fast growing tree with wide-ranging roots, it can be planted in soil stabilization schemes and can also be planted in marshy land where it will help in draining the land, thereby destroying a potential breeding site for mosquitoes; It is planted in S. Italy for this purpose. The wood, durable, easy to saw, yet resistant to termites, is widely used in Australia for strong durable construction, interior finish, flooring, cabinetry, furniture, fence posts, cross-ties, sometimes pulpwood; Australian aborigines made canoes from the bark; According to NAS (1980a), annual wood yields are around 20 - 25 m3/ha in Argentina, 30 m3 from Israel, 17 - 20 from Turkey in the first rotation, and 25 - 30 in subsequent coppice rotations; On poor arid sites yields are only 2 - 11 m3 on 14 or 15 year rotations;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
Flower Color [2]  Yellow
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Height [3]  98 feet (30 m)
Width [3]  66 feet (20 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 9 Low Temperature: 20 F° (-6.7 C°) → 30 F° (-1.1 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low
View Plants For A Future Record : Eucalyptus camaldulensis

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Akyatan Lagoon 36324 Adana, Turkey      
Kosciuszko National Park II 1705480 New South Wales, Australia
Purnululu National Park II 604999 Western Australia, Australia
Riverland Biosphere Reserve Ia 1490891 South Australia, Australia
Wyperfeld National Park II 890865 Victoria, Australia

Ecosystems

Predators

Consumers

Distribution

External References

USDA Plant Profile

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
5Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
9Blastopsylla occidentalis Taylor (Insecta: Hemiptera: Psyllidae) & Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore (Insecta: Hemiptera: Psyllidae), Susan E. Halbert, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry; Raymond Gill, California Department of Agriculture; and James N. Nisson, Orange County (California) Agriculture Commissioner's Office, October 2003
10Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
11Who's Eating Who
12New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
13Low-density koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) populations in the mulgalands of south-west Queensland. II. Distribution and diet, B. J. Sullivan, W. M. Norris and G. S. Baxter, Wildlife Research, 2003, 30, 331–338
14del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
15Ecological role of hypogeous ectomycorrhizal fungi in Australian forests and woodlands, Andrew W. Claridge, Plant and Soil 244: 291–305, 2002
16Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo – about the species Fact Sheet, Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment Melbourne, September, 2005
17Chalinolobus gouldii, Bryan Chruszcz and Robert M. R. Barclay, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 690, pp. 1–4 (2002)
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License