Animalia > Echinodermata > Echinoidea > Camarodonta > Odontophora > Strongylocentrotidae > Strongylocentrotus > Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
 

Strongylocentrotus purpuratus (Purple sea urchin)

Synonyms: Echinus purpuratus; Loxechinus purpuratus; Toxocidaris purpuratus

Wikipedia Abstract

The purple sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus, lives along the eastern edge of the Pacific Ocean extending from Ensenada, Mexico to British Columbia, Canada. This sea urchin species is deep purple in color and lives in lower intertidal and nearshore subtidal communities. It normally grows to a diameter of about 4 inches and may live as long as 70 years.
View Wikipedia Record: Strongylocentrotus purpuratus

Attributes

Maximum Longevity [2]  50 years
Water Biome [1]  Coastal
Female Maturity [2]  2 years
Male Maturity [2]  2 years

Prey / Diet

Predators

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Syndesmis franciscana[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4ASPECTS OF ECOLOGY AND LIFE HISTORY OF THE WOOLLY SCULPIN, CLINOCOTTUS ANALIS, FROM SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, ALAN W. WELLS, Calif. Fish and Game 72(4): 213-226 1986
5Wootton, J. Timothy. "Estimates and tests of per capita interaction strength: diet, abundance, and impact of intertidally foraging birds." Ecological Monographs 67.1 (1997): 45+. Academic OneFile. Web. 23 July 2010
6D. J. Moitoza and D. W. Phillips, Prey defense, predator preference, and nonrandom diet: The interactions between Pycnopodia helianthoides and two species of sea urchins, Marine Biology Volume 53, Number 4 (1979), 299-304
7Site-specific differences in the feeding ecology of the California sheephead, Semicossyphus pulcher (Labridae), Robert K. Cowen, Environmental Biology of Fishes Vol. 16, No. 1-3, pp. 193-203. 1986
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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