Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Anura > Scaphiopodidae > Scaphiopus > Scaphiopus couchii

Scaphiopus couchii (Couch's Spadefoot)

Wikipedia Abstract

Couch's spadefoot toad or Couch's spadefoot (Scaphiopus couchii) is a species of North American spadefoot toad (family Scaphiopodidae). The specific epithet couchii is in honor of American naturalist Darius Nash Couch, who collected the first specimen while on a personal expedition to northern Mexico to collect plant, mineral, and animal specimens for the Smithsonian Institution.
View Wikipedia Record: Scaphiopus couchii

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 49.54
EDGE Score: 3.92


Adult Weight [1]  16.3 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore
Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Male Maturity [1]  2 years
Hibernates [2]  Yes
Litter Size [3]  3,000
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [3]  7 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Snout to Vent Length [1]  3.15 inches (8 cm)


Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No


Coluber flagellum (Coachwhip)[4]
Thamnophis valida (West Coast Garter Snake)[4]


Parasitized by 
Aplectana incerta <Unverified Name>[5]
Aplectana itzocanensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Distoichometra bufonis <Unverified Name>[5]
Neodiplorchis scaphiopodis <Unverified Name>[5]
Oswaldocruzia pipiens <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


Middle America; North America;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License