Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Anura > Pipidae > Xenopus > Xenopus laevis

Xenopus laevis (African Clawed Frog)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis, also known as the xenopus, African clawed toad, African claw-toed frog or the platanna) is a species of African aquatic frog of the Pipidae family. Its name is derived from the three short claws on each hind foot, which it uses to tear apart its food. The word Xenopus means "strange foot" and laevis means "smooth".
View Wikipedia Record: Xenopus laevis

Invasive Species

Xenopus laevis (the African clawed frog) is the standard experimental amphibian used in laboratories pan-globally. Escapees have formed viable and invasive populations in many climates, where individuals are generalist aquatic carnivores, predating on invertebrates, amphibians and fish.
View ISSG Record: Xenopus laevis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 25.74
EDGE Score: 3.29


Gestation [2]  2 days
Litter Size [3]  9,750
Litters / Year [3]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  30 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Snout to Vent Length [3]  6 inches (14.7 cm)
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams
Adult Weight [2]  130 grams
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Female Maturity [2]  6 months 3 days
Male Maturity [3]  2 years


Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No



Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


Middle America; North America;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
4Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177
5Lutra maculicollis, Serge Larivière, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 712, pp. 1–6 (2002)
6Nycteris grandis, M. B. C. Hickey and J. M. Dunlop, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 632, pp. 1–4 (2000)
7del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
8"FOOD OF SACRED IBIS THRESKIORNIS AETHIOPICUS NESTLINGS IN THE FREE STATE PROVINCE, SOUTH AFRICA", Grzegorz Kopija, Ordino B. Koka & Zennon N. Roosa, Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology Volume 67, Issue 3-4, 1996 (2010)
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License