Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Caudata > Plethodontidae > Phaeognathus > Phaeognathus hubrichti

Phaeognathus hubrichti (Red Hills Salamander)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Red Hills salamander (Phaeognathus hubrichti) is a fairly large, terrestrial salamander growing to about 255 millimetres (10.0 in). Its body color is gray to brownish without markings, and its limbs are relatively short. It is the official state amphibian of Alabama.
View Wikipedia Record: Phaeognathus hubrichti

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Phaeognathus hubrichti

EDGE Analysis

The Red Hills salamander is a large, burrowing species that grows to a length of 250 mm. It was discovered in 1960 and seldom emerges completely from its underground refuge, hunting for invertebrate prey at night at the entrance of its retreat. It lives in steep slopes along damp ravines covered by hardwood forest. Around 60% of its habitat is owned or leased by paper companies that are degrading and destroying this species’ habitat by timber harvest and pine plantations. Six Habitat Conservation Plans for populations of Red Hills salamanders (covering approximately 25,169 hectares) have been approved by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in cooperation with timber companies in southern Alabama.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 42.35
EDGE Score: 5.85
View EDGE Record: Phaeognathus hubrichti


Adult Length [1]  7 inches (17.8 cm)
Litter Size [2]  9
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  20 years
Female Maturity [2]  5 years 6 months
Male Maturity [1]  5 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Emblem of


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden

Range Map


North America;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License