Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Pelecaniformes > Pelecanidae > Pelecanus > Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

Pelecanus erythrorhynchos (American White Pelican)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The American white pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos) is a large aquatic soaring bird from the order Pelecaniformes. It breeds in interior North America, moving south and to the coasts, as far as Central America and South America, in winter.
View Wikipedia Record: Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 22.8032
EDGE Score: 3.16982


Clutch Size [6]  2
Clutches / Year [4]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [3]  140,000
Incubation [4]  36 days
Maximum Longevity [4]  54 years
Migration [1]  Intracontinental
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams, Coastal, Brackish Water
Wing Span [7]  8.856 feet (2.7 m)
Adult Weight [2]  12.454 lbs (5.649 kg)
Birth Weight [4]  110 grams
Female Weight [2]  10.957 lbs (4.97 kg)
Male Weight [2]  13.953 lbs (6.329 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [2]  27.3 %
Breeding Habitat [3]  Wetlands
Wintering Geography [3]  Southern U.S./Mexico
Wintering Habitat [3]  Coastal saltmarshes, Freshwater lakes and rivers, Saline lakes
Diet [5]  Piscivore
Diet - Fish [5]  100 %
Forages - Underwater [5]  100 %
Female Maturity [4]  3 years
Male Maturity [4]  3 years


Protected Areas

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Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[9]


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


Caribbean; North America;

External References


Play / PauseVolume
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Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Johnsgard, PA 1993. Cormorants, Darters, and Pelicans of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC
3Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
5Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
6Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
7del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
8"Diet and Prey Use Patterns of the American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos) Nesting at Pathfinder Reservoir, Wyoming", Scott L. Findholt and Stanley H. Anderson, Colonial Waterbirds Vol. 18, No. 1 (1995), pp. 58-68
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2