Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Pelecaniformes > Pelecanidae > Pelecanus > Pelecanus occidentalis
 

Pelecanus occidentalis (Brown Pelican)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The brown pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis) is a small pelican found in the Americas. It is one of the best known and most prominent birds found in the coastal areas of the southern and western United States. It is one of only three pelican species found in the Western Hemisphere. The brown pelican is one of the only two pelican species which feeds by diving into the water.
View Wikipedia Record: Pelecanus occidentalis

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
30
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
44
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 22.7844
EDGE Score: 3.16903

Attributes

Clutch Size [6]  2
Clutches / Year [4]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [3]  250,000
Incubation [4]  29 days
Maximum Longevity [4]  43 years
Water Biome [1]  Coastal
Wing Span [7]  7.052 feet (2.15 m)
Adult Weight [2]  7.58 lbs (3.438 kg)
Birth Weight [4]  64 grams
Female Weight [2]  6.998 lbs (3.174 kg)
Male Weight [2]  8.162 lbs (3.702 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [2]  16.6 %
Breeding Habitat [3]  Beaches and estuaries, Coastal marine, Mangroves
Wintering Geography [3]  Widespread Coastal
Wintering Habitat [3]  Beaches and estuaries, Coastal marine, Mangroves
Diet [5]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Fish [5]  80 %
Diet - Invertibrates [5]  10 %
Diet - Scavenger [5]  10 %
Forages - Underwater [5]  100 %
Female Maturity [4]  1 year
Male Maturity [4]  2 years

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Emblem of

Louisiana
Saint Kitts And Nevis

Prey / Diet

Atherinops affinis (Topsmelt silverside)[8]
Brevoortia tyrannus (Shad)[9]
Cololabis saira (Skipper)[8]
Engraulis mordax (Californian anchoveta)[8]
Scomber japonicus (Striped mackerel)[8]

Predators

Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[9]

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

Caribbean; North America;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2Hartman FA 1961. Locomotor mechanisms of birds. Smithson Misc Collect 143:1–91
3Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
5Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
6Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
7del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
8Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository.
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
11International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License