Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Suliformes > Phalacrocoracidae > Phalacrocorax > Phalacrocorax carbo
 

Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)

Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The great cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo), known as the great black cormorant across the Northern Hemisphere, the black cormorant in Australia, the large cormorant in India and the black shag further south in New Zealand, is a widespread member of the cormorant family of seabirds. The genus name is Latinised Ancient Greek, from φαλακρός (phalakros, "bald") and κόραξ (korax, "raven"), and carbo is Latin for "charcoal". It breeds in much of the Old World and the Atlantic coast of North America.
View Wikipedia Record: Phalacrocorax carbo

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
10
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
28
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.03769
EDGE Score: 2.2014

Attributes

Clutch Size [5]  4
Clutches / Year [2]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [3]  1,400,000
Incubation [2]  30 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  24 years
Speed [6]  34.001 MPH (15.2 m/s)
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams, Coastal
Wing Span [6]  4.592 feet (1.4 m)
Adult Weight [2]  8.001 lbs (3.629 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  49 grams
Breeding Habitat [3]  Coastal cliffs and islands, Coastal marine
Wintering Geography [3]  Atlantic Coast
Wintering Habitat [3]  Coastal marine, Rocky intertidal
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Ectothermic [4]  10 %
Diet - Fish [4]  80 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  10 %
Forages - Underwater [4]  100 %
Female Maturity [2]  4 years
Male Maturity [2]  4 years

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (718)

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Canis mesomelas (Black-backed Jackal)[13]
Cryptocotyle lingua[7]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[7]
Maritrema subdolum[7]

Providers

Mutual (symbiont) 
Deropristis inflata[7]
Podocotyle atomon[7]

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

Cape Peninsula National Park; North America; Oceania;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177
9Annual Variation in Diet of Breeding Great Cormorants: Does it Reflect Varying Recruitment of Gadoids?, SVEIN-HÅKON LORENTSEN, DAVID GRÉMILLET AND GEIR HÅVARD NYMOEN, Waterbirds 27(2): 161-169, 2004
10CONTRIBUTION TO THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE DIET OF IRANIAN BIRDS, Abolghasem Khaleghizadeh, Mohammad E. Sehhatisabet, Екологія, Беркут 15, Вип. 1-2. 2006. pp. 145-150
11Comparisons Between the Diets of Distant Taxa (Teleost and Cormorant) in an Australian Estuary, PAUL HUMPHRIES, GLENN A. HYNDES, IAN C. POTTER, Estuaries Vol. 15, No. 3. p. 327-334 September 1992
12The role of capelin (Mallotus villosus) in the foodweb of the Barents Sea, A. V. Dolgov, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 59: 1034–1045. 2002
13The Namib: Detritus and Fog Dependence Scott Christy March 1st, 2006
14Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
15Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
16International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License