Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Suliformes > Fregatidae > Fregata > Fregata magnificens

Fregata magnificens (Magnificent Frigatebird)

Synonyms: Fregata magnificens magnificens; Fregata magnificens rothschildi
Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The magnificent frigatebird (Fregata magnificens) is a seabird of the frigatebird family Fregatidae. With a length of 89–114 centimetres (35–45 in) it is the largest species of frigatebird. It occurs over tropical and subtropical waters off America, between northern Mexico and Ecuador on the Pacific coast and between Florida and southern Brazil along the Atlantic coast. There are also populations on the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific and the Cape Verde islands in the Atlantic.
View Wikipedia Record: Fregata magnificens

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 19.4215
EDGE Score: 3.01659


Clutch Size [6]  1
Clutches / Year [6]  1
Incubation [6]  56 days
Maximum Longevity [6]  34 years
Water Biome [1]  Coastal
Wing Span [7]  7.544 feet (2.3 m)
Adult Weight [2]  3.492 lbs (1.584 kg)
Birth Weight [4]  88 grams
Female Weight [2]  3.757 lbs (1.704 kg)
Male Weight [2]  3.23 lbs (1.465 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [2]  16.3 %
Breeding Habitat [3]  Mangroves, Coastal marine, Pelagic
Wintering Geography [3]  Tropical Coasts
Wintering Habitat [3]  Coastal marine, Pelagic
Diet [5]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Ectothermic [5]  10 %
Diet - Endothermic [5]  10 %
Diet - Fish [5]  60 %
Diet - Invertibrates [5]  10 %
Diet - Scavenger [5]  10 %
Forages - Water Surface [5]  80 %
Forages - Underwater [5]  20 %
Female Maturity [6]  5 years
Male Maturity [6]  5 years


Protected Areas


Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Emblem of

Antigua And Barbuda

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Mirounga angustirostris (Northern Elephant Seal)1
Squatina californica (Pacific angelshark)1
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)2


Parasitized by 
Contracaecum rudolphii <Unverified Name>[11]
Galactosomum cochleariforme[11]
Galactosomum fregate <Unverified Name>[11]
Orthoskrjabinia ginesi <Unverified Name>[11]
Tetrabothrius sulcatus <Unverified Name>[11]

Range Map


Caribbean; North America;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Diamond, AW and EA Schreiber. 2002. In A. Poole and F. Gill [eds.]. Magnificent Frigatebird (Fregata magnificens). The birds of North America, No 601 The Birds of North America, Inc, Philadelphia, PA
3Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
4Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
5Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
6de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
7del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
8Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository.
9The Diet of the Magnificent Frigatebird during Chick Rearing, Itzia Calixto-Albarrán and José-Luis Osorno, The Condor Vol. 102, No. 3 (Aug., 2000), pp. 569-576
10Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
11Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License