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Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The great blue heron (Ardea herodias) is a large wading bird in the heron family Ardeidae, common near the shores of open water and in wetlands over most of North America and Central America, as well as the Caribbean and the Galápagos Islands. It is a rare vagrant to in coastal Spain, the Azores, and areas of far southern Europe. An all-white population found only in the Caribbean and Florida was once treated as a separate species and known as the great white heron.
View Wikipedia Record: Ardea herodias

Infraspecies

Ardea herodias cognata
Ardea herodias fannini (Northwest coast heron)
Ardea herodias herodias (Great blue heron)
Ardea herodias occidentalis (Great white heron)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
19
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.40902
EDGE Score: 2.0027

Attributes

Clutch Size [6]  4
Clutches / Year [4]  2
Incubation [4]  28 days
Maximum Longevity [4]  25 years
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams, Coastal
Wing Span [7]  6.002 feet (1.83 m)
Adult Weight [2]  5.06 lbs (2.295 kg)
Birth Weight [4]  50 grams
Female Weight [2]  4.652 lbs (2.11 kg)
Male Weight [2]  5.467 lbs (2.48 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [2]  17.5 %
Breeding Habitat [3]  Wetlands
Wintering Geography [3]  Widespread
Wintering Habitat [3]  Wetlands, Coastal saltmarshes, Agricultural
Diet [5]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Ectothermic [5]  10 %
Diet - Endothermic [5]  10 %
Diet - Fish [5]  50 %
Diet - Invertibrates [5]  30 %
Forages - Ground [5]  40 %
Forages - Water Surface [5]  60 %
Female Maturity [4]  1 year 10 months
Male Maturity [4]  1 year 10 months

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (316)

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Belize Coastal and near shore islands Belize A1, A2, A3, A4i
Belize Off-shore and Barrier Islands Belize A1, A2, A4i, A4ii
Crooked Tree and associated wetlands Belize A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Northeastern Belize Belize A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

+ Click for partial list (45)Full list (106)

Predators

Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)[9]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[8]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[9]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[8]

Providers

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2Butler, RW 1992. Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias). In The Birds of North America, No. 25 (A. Poole, P. Stettenheim and F. Gill, Eds.). Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, and American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, DC.
3Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
5Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
6Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
7New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
8Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
10Lafferty, K. D., R. F. Hechinger, J. C. Shaw, K. L. Whitney and A. M. Kuris (in press) Food webs and parasites in a salt marsh ecosystem. In Disease ecology: community structure and pathogen dynamics (eds S. Collinge and C. Ray). Oxford University Press, Oxford.
11Geomys bursarius (Rodentia: Geomyidae), MATTHEW B. CONNIOR, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 43(879):104–117 (2011)
12Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979
13National Geographic Magazine - May 2016 - Yellowstone - The Carnivore Comeback
14Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177
15Thomomys bottae, Cheri A. Jones and Colleen N. Baxter, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 742, pp. 1–14 (2004)
16Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License