Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Pelecaniformes > Threskiornithidae > Platalea > Platalea regia
 

Platalea regia (Royal Spoonbill)

Wikipedia Abstract

The royal spoonbill (Platalea regia) also known as the black-billed spoonbill, occurs in intertidal flats and shallows of fresh and saltwater wetlands in Australia, New Zealand, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands. It has also been recorded as a vagrant in New Caledonia. The royal spoonbill lives in wetlands and feeds on crustaceans, fish and small insects by sweeping its bill from side to side. It always flies with its head extended. Widespread throughout its large range, the royal spoonbill is evaluated as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
View Wikipedia Record: Platalea regia

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
9
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
34
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 18.2191
EDGE Score: 2.9559

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  3.814 lbs (1.73 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  69 grams
Female Weight [1]  3.472 lbs (1.575 kg)
Male Weight [6]  4.158 lbs (1.886 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  19.7 %
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Fish [3]  50 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  50 %
Forages - Water Surface [3]  100 %
Clutch Size [5]  3
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Fledging [1]  48 days
Incubation [4]  22 days
Mating Display [2]  Ground and non-acrobatic aerial display
Mating System [2]  Monogamy
Maximum Longevity [1]  30 years
Snout to Vent Length [1]  32 inches (82 cm)
Wing Span [4]  3.936 feet (1.2 m)
Female Maturity [1]  3 years
Male Maturity [1]  3 years

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Important Bird Areas

Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Pulau Dua Indonesia A1, A4i, A4iii

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Wallacea East Timor, Indonesia No

Prey / Diet

Macrobrachium intermedium (striped river prawn)[7]

Providers

Mutual (symbiont) 
Maritrema novaezealandense[8]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ardeicola plataleae[9]
Eucolpocephalum femorale[9]
Ibidoecus plataleae[9]
Maritrema novaezealandense[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Marchant, S.; Higgins, PJ (eds.) 1990. The handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds, Vol. 1., ratites to ducks. Oxford University Press, Melbourne
7"Feeding behaviour and diet of Royal Spoonbills Platalea regia in Westernport Bay, Victoria", KW Lowe, Emu 82(3) 163 - 168 (1982)
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License