Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Phoenicopteriformes > Phoenicopteridae > Phoenicopterus > Phoenicopterus ruber

Phoenicopterus ruber (Greater Flamingo; American Flamingo; flamant rose)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The American flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber) is a large species of flamingo closely related to the greater flamingo and Chilean flamingo. It was formerly considered conspecific with the greater flamingo, but that treatment is now widely viewed (e.g. by the American and British Ornithologists' Unions) as incorrect due to a lack of evidence. It is also known as the Caribbean flamingo although it is present in the Galápagos Islands. In Cuba it is also known as the Greater Flamingo. It is the only flamingo that naturally inhabits North America.
View Wikipedia Record: Phoenicopterus ruber

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 17.9394
EDGE Score: 2.94125


Adult Weight [1]  5.512 lbs (2.50 kg)
Birth Weight [3]  142 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Mangroves, Beaches and estuaries
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Mangroves, Beaches and estuaries
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Piscivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fish [4]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  50 %
Diet - Plants [4]  20 %
Diet - Seeds [4]  20 %
Forages - Water Surface [4]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  5 years
Male Maturity [1]  5 years
Clutch Size [5]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  180,000
Incubation [1]  30 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  44 years
Speed [6]  34.001 MPH (15.2 m/s)
Wing Span [6]  5.018 feet (1.53 m)


Protected Areas

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Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Emblem of



Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


Caribbean; North America;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Ramsar Sites Information Service
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License