Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Anseriformes > Anatidae > Branta > Branta canadensis

Branta canadensis (Canada Goose)

Synonyms: Anas canadensis
Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Canada goose (Branta canadensis) is a large wild goose species with a black head and neck, white patches on the face, and a brown body. Native to arctic and temperate regions of North America, its migration occasionally reaches northern Europe. It has been introduced to the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Argentina, Chile, and the Falkland Islands. Like most geese, the Canada goose is primarily herbivorous and normally migratory; it tends to be found on or close to fresh water.
View Wikipedia Record: Branta canadensis


Branta canadensis canadensis (Atlantic Canada goose) (Attributes)
Branta canadensis fulva (Vancouver Canada goose)
Branta canadensis interior (Central Canada goose) (Attributes)
Branta canadensis maxima (Giant Canada goose)
Branta canadensis moffitti (Great Basin Canada goose) (Attributes)
Branta canadensis occidentalis (Dusky Canada goose) (Attributes)
Branta canadensis parvipes (Lesser Canada goose) (Attributes)

Invasive Species

Branta canadensis, Canada geese are very adaptable. They can live in a broad range of habitats, which includes cohabitation with humans. In addition, Canada geese are highly fecund and lacking in amount of predators. Population growth of this species over the past years has caused problems in many different areas including environmental, aesthetic, and human health. Canada geese can either be migratory or resident, which enables them to occupy a large geographical range. This species has created issues not only in areas where it has been introduced, but also in its native locations due to the population explosion of the species. Although this species has created problems, it also has been of economic use as well as being, at times, an enjoyable aspect of wildlife.
View ISSG Record: Branta canadensis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.44739
EDGE Score: 1.49232


Clutch Size [5]  5
Clutches / Year [2]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [3]  3,700,000
Incubation [2]  26 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  42 years
Speed [6]  37.357 MPH (16.7 m/s)
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams, Coastal
Wing Span [6]  5.543 feet (1.69 m)
Adult Weight [2]  7.055 lbs (3.20 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  86 grams
Breeding Habitat [3]  Wetlands
Wintering Geography [3]  Widespread U.S.
Wintering Habitat [3]  Wetlands, Agricultural
Diet [4]  Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [4]  10 %
Diet - Plants [4]  90 %
Forages - Ground [4]  60 %
Forages - Water Surface [4]  40 %
Female Maturity [2]  2 years
Male Maturity [2]  2 years


Protected Areas

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Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

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Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


Middle America; North America; Oceania; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

External References


Play / PauseVolume
Provided by eNature via Myxer Author: Lang Elliot



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197
7Ecology of Commanster
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2