Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Accipitriformes > Accipitridae > Hamirostra > Hamirostra melanosternon

Hamirostra melanosternon (Black-breasted Buzzard)

Wikipedia Abstract

The black-breasted buzzard (Hamirostra melanosteron) is a large raptor endemic to mainland Australia. First described by John Gould in 1841, the it forms part of the Accipitridae family (hawks and eagles) and is most closely related to the square-tailed kite (Lophoictinia isura). It is a versatile hunter known for its special skill in cracking eggs. The species is common throughout most of its range.
View Wikipedia Record: Hamirostra melanosternon

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 16.3244
EDGE Score: 2.85211


Adult Weight [1]  2.866 lbs (1.30 kg)
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates)
Diet - Ectothermic [2]  20 %
Diet - Endothermic [2]  50 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  10 %
Diet - Scavenger [2]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  33 %
Forages - Understory [2]  33 %
Forages - Ground [2]  33 %
Clutch Size [3]  2
Incubation [1]  35 days
Wing Span [1]  4.854 feet (1.48 m)


Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Currawinya Lakes National Park II 372252 Queensland, Australia
Hattah-Kulkyne NP and Murray-Kulkyne Park National Park II 122831 Victoria, Australia
Prince Regent River Nature Reserve Ia 1428602 Western Australia, Australia  
Purnululu National Park II 604999 Western Australia, Australia
Uluru - Kata Tjuta National Park II 332429 Northern Territory, Australia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Southwest Australia Australia No

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License