Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Accipitriformes > Accipitridae > Neophron > Neophron percnopterus

Neophron percnopterus (Egyptian Vulture)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Egyptian vulture (Neophron percnopterus), also called the white scavenger vulture or pharaoh's chicken, is a small Old World vulture and the only member of the genus Neophron. It is widely distributed; the Egyptian vulture is found from southwestern Europe and northern Africa to India. The contrasting underwing pattern and wedge-shaped tail make it distinctive in flight as it soars in thermals during the warmer parts of the day. Egyptian vultures feed mainly on carrion but are opportunistic and will prey on small mammals, birds, and reptiles. They also feed on the eggs of other birds, breaking larger ones by tossing a large pebble onto them. The use of tools is rare in birds and apart from the use of a pebble as a hammer, Egyptian vultures also use twigs to roll up wool for use in thei
View Wikipedia Record: Neophron percnopterus


Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Neophron percnopterus

EDGE Analysis

This white vulture is highly distinctive, with a bright yellow bill and face. It is thought to be intelligent, having exhibited the use of tools to crack open large eggs and gather materials to line its nest. As a scavenger its diet is varied and includes carrion, tortoises, organic waste and even mammalian faeces. The species plays a hugely important role in the ecosystem, disposing of carcasses quickly and thus stopping the spread of disease. Despite its huge range, populations of Egyptian Vulture are declining across the globe. This is due to an array of threats like poisoning, poaching, electrocution and human disturbance.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 27.7121
EDGE Score: 5.43676
View EDGE Record: Neophron percnopterus


Adult Weight [1]  4.59 lbs (2.082 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  94 grams
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Endothermic [3]  20 %
Diet - Fish [3]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  10 %
Diet - Scavenger [3]  60 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Clutch Size [5]  2
Incubation [4]  42 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  37 years
Speed [6]  28.185 MPH (12.6 m/s)
Wing Span [6]  5.412 feet (1.65 m)


Protected Areas

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Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Capra hircus (domestic goat)[7]
Columba livia (Rock Pigeon)[7]
Oryctolagus cuniculus (European Rabbit)[7]

Prey / Diet Overlap


Parasitized by 
Microtetrameres aquila <Unverified Name>[8]
Neodiplostomum tityense <Unverified Name>[8]
Neophronia lucknowensis <Unverified Name>[8]
Philophthalmus indicus <Unverified Name>[8]
Procyrnea monoptera <Unverified Name>[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197
7Conservation status and limiting factors in the endangered population of Egyptian vulture (Neophron percnopterus) in the Canary Islands, José A. Donázar, César J. Palacios, Laura Gangoso, Olga Ceballos, María J. González and Fernando Hiraldo, Biological Conservation 107 (2002) 89–97
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License