Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Accipitriformes > Accipitridae > Nisaetus > Nisaetus nipalensis

Nisaetus nipalensis (Mountain Hawk-Eagle)

Synonyms: Spizaetus nipalensis

Wikipedia Abstract

The mountain hawk-eagle or Hodgson's hawk-eagle (Nisaetus nipalensis, earlier treated under Spizaetus) is a bird of prey. Like all eagles, it is in the family Accipitridae. It breeds in the Indian subcontinent, from India, Nepal (hence the epithet nipalensis) to Thailand, Taiwan, Indonesia and Japan. The Sri Lankan and south Indian population is smaller and has unstreaked buff underwing coverts. A 2008 study based on the geographic isolation and differences in call suggest that this be treated as a full species, Nisaetus kelaarti, Legge's hawk-eagle. \n* Japanese subspecies, N. n. orientalis
View Wikipedia Record: Nisaetus nipalensis


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.56605
EDGE Score: 2.14781


Adult Weight [1]  6.614 lbs (3.00 kg)
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Vertebrates)
Diet - Ectothermic [2]  20 %
Diet - Endothermic [2]  80 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Clutch Size [3]  1
Incubation [3]  46 days


Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Khankaisky State Nature Reserve 97085 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Kurilsky State Nature Reserve 161520 Sakhalin, Russia    
Lazovsky Zapovednik Ia 299030 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Sikhote-Alin Biosphere Reserve 991950 Primorsky Krai, Russia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Japan Japan No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Macaca fuscata (Japanese macaque)[3]


Parasitized by 
Neopsylla setosa setosa[4]
Pseudostrigea buteonis <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Taipei Zoo
Ueno Zoological Gardens

Range Map


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Relationship between Body Mass and Body Length of Resident Bird Species of Taiwan, Pei-Fen Lee, Tzung-Su Ding and Hau-Jie Shiu, Acta Zoologica Taiwanica 9(2): 67-79 (1998)
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4International Flea Database
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License