Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Falconiformes > Falconidae > Falco > Falco columbarius
 

Falco columbarius (Merlin)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The merlin (Falco columbarius) is a small species of falcon from the Northern Hemisphere, with numerous subspecies throughout North America and Eurasia. A bird of prey once known colloquially as a pigeon hawk in North America, the merlin breeds in the northern Holarctic; some migrate to subtropical and northern tropical regions in winter. Males typically have wingspans of 53–58 centimetres (21–23 in), with females being slightly larger. They are swift fliers and skilled hunters who specialize in preying on small birds in the size range of sparrows to quail. The merlin has for centuries been well regarded as a falconry bird. In recent decades merlin populations in North America have been significantly increasing, with some merlins becoming so well adapted to city life that they forgo migrat
View Wikipedia Record: Falco columbarius

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
14
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
33
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 11.3015
EDGE Score: 2.50972

Attributes

Clutch Size [5]  4
Clutches / Year [2]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [3]  2,900,000
Incubation [2]  30 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  13 years
Migration [1]  Intercontinental
Water Biome [1]  Coastal
Wing Span [6]  24 inches (.6 m)
Adult Weight [2]  195 grams
Birth Weight [2]  13 grams
Breeding Habitat [3]  Generalist
Wintering Geography [3]  Widespread
Wintering Habitat [3]  Generalist
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates)
Diet - Endothermic [4]  80 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  20 %
Forages - Aerial [4]  33 %
Forages - Mid-High [4]  33 %
Forages - Understory [4]  33 %
Female Maturity [2]  1 year
Male Maturity [2]  1 year

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (1029)

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Providers

Shelter 
Picea mariana (Black spruce)[7]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Eucoleus dispar <Unverified Name>[17]
Porrocaecum depressum <Unverified Name>[17]
Synhimantus laticeps <Unverified Name>[17]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

Africa; Caribbean; Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); Middle America; North America; Patfa Valley dry forests; Southern Asia;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Alaska Wildlife Notebook Series, Alaska Department of Fish and Game
7Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Ecology of Commanster
10SPECIES ASSESSMENT FOR BAIRD’S SPARROW (AMMODRAMUS BAIRDII) IN WYOMING, ROBERT LUCE AND DOUG KEINATH, United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, December 2003
11Raptor Predation on Wintering Shorebirds, G. Page and D. F. Whitacre, The Condor, Vol. 77, No. 1 (Spring, 1975), pp. 73-83
12SPECIES ASSESSMENT FOR SAGE SPARROW (AMPHISPIZA BELLI) IN WYOMING, PAULA L. HANSLEY AND DR. GARY P. BEAUVAIS, United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, September 2004
13Spermophilus saturatus, Stephan C. Trombulak, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 322, pp. 1-4 (1988)
14Snowy Plover (Kentish Plover) Charadrius alexandrinus, K. Boula, 1996, U.S. Forest Service
15Lasiurus borealis, Karl A. Shump Jr. and Ann U. Shump, Mammalian Species No. 183, pp. 1-6 (1982)
16Exploring the Denali Food Web, ParkWise, National Park Service
17Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License