Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Odontophoridae > Colinus > Colinus virginianus
 

Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The northern bobwhite, Virginia quail or (in its home range) bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus) is a ground-dwelling bird native to the United States, Mexico, and the Caribbean. It is a member of the group of species known as New World quails (Odontophoridae). They were initially placed with the Old World quails in the pheasant family (Phasianidae), but are not particularly closely related. The name "bobwhite" derives from its characteristic whistling call. Despite its secretive nature, the northern bobwhite is one of the most familiar quails in eastern North America because it is frequently the only quail in its range.
View Wikipedia Record: Colinus virginianus

Infraspecies

Colinus virginianus aridus (Jaumave bobwhite)
Colinus virginianus atriceps (Black-headed bobwhite)
Colinus virginianus coyolcos (Coyolcos bobwhite)
Colinus virginianus cubanensis (Cuban bobwhite)
Colinus virginianus floridanus (Florida bobwhite)
Colinus virginianus godmani (Godman's bobwhite)
Colinus virginianus graysoni (Grayson's bobwhite)
Colinus virginianus harrisoni (Bobwhite)
Colinus virginianus insignis (Guatemalan bobwhite)
Colinus virginianus insulanus (Key West bobwhite)
Colinus virginianus maculatus (Mottled bobwhite)
Colinus virginianus minor (Least bobwhite)
Colinus virginianus nigripectus (Puebla bobwhite)
Colinus virginianus pectoralis (Black-breasted bobwhite)
Colinus virginianus ridgwayi (Masked Bobwhite) (Attributes)
Colinus virginianus salvini (Salvin's bobwhite)
Colinus virginianus taylori (Plains bobwhite)
Colinus virginianus texanus (Texas bobwhite)
Colinus virginianus thayeri (Thayer's bobwhite)
Colinus virginianus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
26
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.67794
EDGE Score: 2.42973

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  194 grams
Birth Weight [3]  8.9 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Temperate eastern forests, Tropical dry forests, Temperate grasslands, Tropical grasslands, Agricultural
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Temperate eastern forests, Tropical dry forests, Temperate grasslands, Tropical grasslands, Agricultural
Diet [4]  Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Plants [4]  30 %
Diet - Seeds [4]  70 %
Forages - Ground [4]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Clutch Size [5]  8
Clutches / Year [1]  2
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  5,800,000
Incubation [1]  23 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  6 years
Wing Span [6]  14 inches (.345 m)

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

+ Click for partial list (75)Full list (114)

Predators

Providers

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

Caribbean; Middle America; North America;

External References

Audio

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Provided by Xeno-canto under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 2.5 License Author: Allen T. Chartier

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6EFFECTS OF BODY SIZE ON TAKE-OFF FLIGHT PERFORMANCE IN THE PHASIANIDAE (AVES), BRET W. TOBALSKE AND KENNETH P. DIAL, The Journal of Experimental Biology 203,3319–3332 (2000)
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
9Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177
10Gundlach's Hawk, BirdLife International (1992) Threatened Birds of the Americas. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International.
11Diet of the Timber Rattlesnake, Crotalus horridus, Rulon W. Clark, Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 36, No. 3, pp. 494-499, 2002
12THE DIET OF THE APLOMADO FALCON (FALCO FEMORALIS) IN EASTERN MEXICO, DEAN P. HECTOR, The Condor 87:336-342
13Resources of a Snake Community in Prairie-Woodland Habitat of Northeastern Kansas, Henry S. Fitch, U.S Fish and Wildlife Service, Wildlife Research Report 13: 83-98 (1982)
14Mustela frenata, Steven R. Sheffield and Howard H. Thomas, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 570, pp. 1-9 (1997)
15PREY HANDLING AND DIET OF LOUISIANA PINE SNAKES (PITUOPHIS RUTHVENI) AND BLACK PINE SNAKES (P. MELANOLEUCUS LODINGI), WITH COM- PARISONS TO OTHER SELECTED COLUBRID SNAKES, D. Craig Rudolph, Shirley J. Burgdorf, Richard N. Conner, Christopher S. Collins, Daniel Saenz, Richard R. Schaefer, Toni Trees, C. Michael Duran, Marc Ealy, John G. Himes, Herpetological Natural History, 9(1), 2002, pages 57-62
16Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Chippewa Nature Center
Crosswinds Marsh, Wayne County, Michigan
Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2