Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Odontophoridae > Callipepla > Callipepla californica
 

Callipepla californica (Californian Quail; California Quail)

Synonyms: Lophortyx californica
Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The California quail (Callipepla californica), also known as the California valley quail or valley quail, is a small ground-dwelling bird in the New World quail family. These birds have a curving crest or plume, made of six feathers, that droops forward: black in males and brown in females; the flanks are brown with white streaks. Males have a dark brown cap and a black face with a brown back, a grey-blue chest and a light brown belly. Females and immature birds are mainly grey-brown with a light-colored belly.Their closest relative is Gambel's quail which has a more southerly distribution and, a longer crest at 2.5 in (6.4 cm), a brighter head and a scalier appearance. The two species separated about 1–2 million years ago, during the Late Pliocene or Early Pleistocene. It is the state bir
View Wikipedia Record: Callipepla californica

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
17
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.29473
EDGE Score: 1.83971

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  176 grams
Birth Weight [3]  6 grams
Female Weight [1]  167 grams
Male Weight [1]  185 grams
Weight Dimorphism [1]  10.8 %
Breeding Habitat [2]  Chaparral
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Chaparral
Diet [4]  Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Plants [4]  50 %
Diet - Seeds [4]  50 %
Forages - Ground [4]  100 %
Clutch Size [5]  15
Clutches / Year [3]  1
Fledging [1]  10 days
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  4,900,000
Incubation [3]  22 days
Mating System [6]  Monogamy
Maximum Longevity [3]  10 years
Snout to Vent Length [1]  10 inches (25 cm)
Female Maturity [3]  9 months 4 days
Male Maturity [3]  9 months 4 days

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No

Emblem of

California

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Providers

Parasite of 
Sturnella neglecta (Western Meadowlark)[7]
Zonotrichia leucophrys (White-crowned Sparrow)[7]

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

Middle America; North America; Oceania;

External References

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by eNature via Myxer Author: Lang Elliot

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Patterns of frugivory, seed dispersal and predation of blue fan palms (Brahea armata) in oases of northern Baja California, E.V. Wehncke, X.L. Medellín, E. Ezcurra, Journal of Arid Environments 73 (2009) 773–783
9Trejo, A., M. Kun, M. Sahores, and S. Seijas. 2005. Diet overlap and prey size of two owls in the forest-steppe ecotone of southern Argentina Ornitol. Neotrop 16:539–546
10Breeding Biology of a Grey Eagle-Buzzard Population in Patagonia, Fernando Hiraldo, José A. Donázar, Olga Ceballos, Alejandro Travaini, Javier Bustamante and Martín Funes, The Wilson Bulletin, Vol. 107, No. 4 (Dec 1995), pp. 675-685
11del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
12Feeding ecology of North American gopher snakes (Pituophis catenifer, Colubridae), JAVIER A. RODRÍGUEZ-ROBLES, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2002, 77, 165–183
13Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
14International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2